Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://doi.org/10.1097/IAE.0b013e31825699e5
Title: RELEASE AND VELOCITY OF MICRONIZED DEXAMETHASONE IMPLANTS WITH AN INTRAVITREAL DRUG DELIVERY SYSTEM Kinematic Analysis With a High-Speed Camera
Authors: Meyer, Carsten H
Klein, Adrian
Alten, Florian
LIU ZENGPING 
Stanzel, Boris V
Helb, Hans M
Brinkmann, Christian K
Keywords: Science & Technology
Life Sciences & Biomedicine
Ophthalmology
release
velocity
drug delivery
high-speed camera
kinematic analysis
Issue Date: 1-Nov-2012
Publisher: LIPPINCOTT WILLIAMS & WILKINS
Citation: Meyer, Carsten H, Klein, Adrian, Alten, Florian, LIU ZENGPING, Stanzel, Boris V, Helb, Hans M, Brinkmann, Christian K (2012-11-01). RELEASE AND VELOCITY OF MICRONIZED DEXAMETHASONE IMPLANTS WITH AN INTRAVITREAL DRUG DELIVERY SYSTEM Kinematic Analysis With a High-Speed Camera. RETINA-THE JOURNAL OF RETINAL AND VITREOUS DISEASES 32 (10) : 2133-2140. ScholarBank@NUS Repository. https://doi.org/10.1097/IAE.0b013e31825699e5
Abstract: PURPOSE: Ozurdex, a novel dexamethasone (DEX) implant, is released by a drug delivery system into the vitreous cavity. We analyzed the mechanical release aperture of the novel applicator, obtained real-time recordings using a high-speed camera system and performed kinematic analysis of the DEX application. DESIGN: Experimental study. METHODS: : The application of intravitreal DEX implants (6 mm length, 0.46 mm diameter; 700 μg DEX mass, 0.0012 g total implant mass) was recorded by a high-speed camera (500 frames per second) in water (Group A: n = 7) or vitreous (Group B: n = 7) filled tanks. Kinematic analysis calculated the initial muzzle velocity as well as the impact on the retinal surface at approximately 15 mm of the injected drug delivery system implant in both groups. A series of drug delivery system implant positions was obtained and graphically plotted over time. RESULTS: High-speed real-time recordings revealed that the entire movement of the DEX implant lasted between 28 milliseconds and 55 milliseconds in Group A and 1 millisecond and 7 milliseconds in Group B. The implants moved with a mean muzzle velocity of 820 ± 350 mm/s (±SD, range, 326-1,349 mm/s) in Group A and 817 ± 307 mm/s (±SD, range, 373-1,185 mm/s) in Group B. In both groups, the implant gradually decelerated because of drag force. With greater distances, the velocity of the DEX implant decreased exponentially to a complete stop at 13.9 mm to 24.7 mm in Group A and at 6.4 mm to 8.0 mm in Group B. Five DEX implants in Group A reached a total distance of more than 15 mm, and their calculated mean velocity at a retinal impact of 15 mm was 408 ± 145 mm/s (±SD, range, 322-667 mm/s), and the consecutive normalized energy was 0.55 ± 0.44 J/m (±SD). In Group B, none of the DEX implants reached a total distance of 6 mm or more. An accidental application at an angle of 30 grade and consecutively reduced distance of approximately 6 mm may result in a mean velocity of 844 and mean normalized energy of 0.15 J/m (SD ± 0.47) in a water-filled eye. CONCLUSION: The muzzle velocity of DEX implants is approximately 0.8 m/s and decreases exponentially over distance. The drag over time in vitreous is faster than in water. The calculated retinal impact energy does not reach reported damage levels for direct foreign bodies or other projectiles.
Source Title: RETINA-THE JOURNAL OF RETINAL AND VITREOUS DISEASES
URI: https://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/206750
ISSN: 0275-004X
1539-2864
DOI: 10.1097/IAE.0b013e31825699e5
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