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Title: A Human Antibody Neutralizes Different Flaviviruses by Using Different Mechanisms
Authors: Zhang, S. 
Loy, T.
Ng, T.-S. 
Lim, X.-N. 
Chew, S.-Y.V. 
Tan, T.Y. 
Xu, M.
Kostyuchenko, V.A. 
Tukijan, F.
Shi, J. 
Fink, K.
Lok, S.-M. 
Keywords: cryoEM structure
dengue virus
human antibody
membrane fusion
virus aggregation
virus neutralization
zika virus
Issue Date: 2020
Publisher: Elsevier B.V.
Citation: Zhang, S., Loy, T., Ng, T.-S., Lim, X.-N., Chew, S.-Y.V., Tan, T.Y., Xu, M., Kostyuchenko, V.A., Tukijan, F., Shi, J., Fink, K., Lok, S.-M. (2020). A Human Antibody Neutralizes Different Flaviviruses by Using Different Mechanisms. Cell Reports 31 (4) : 107584. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Rights: Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International
Abstract: Human antibody SIgN-3C neutralizes dengue virus (DENV) and Zika virus (ZIKV) differently. DENV:SIgN-3C Fab and ZIKV:SIgN-3C Fab cryoelectron microscopy (cryo-EM) complex structures show Fabs crosslink E protein dimers at extracellular pH 8.0 condition and also when further incubated at acidic endosomal conditions (pH 8.0–6.5). We observe Fab binding to DENV (pH 8.0–5.0) prevents virus fusion, and the number of bound Fabs increase (from 120 to 180). For ZIKV, although there are already 180 copies of Fab at pH 8.0, virus structural changes at pH 5.0 are not inhibited. The immunoglobulin G (IgG):DENV structure at pH 8.0 shows both Fab arms bind to epitopes around the 2-fold vertex. On ZIKV, an additional Fab around the 5-fold vertex at pH 8.0 suggests one IgG arm would engage with an epitope, although the other may bind to other viruses, causing aggregation. For DENV2 at pH 5.0, a similar scenario would occur, suggesting DENV2:IgG complex would aggregate in the endosome. Hence, a single antibody employs different neutralization mechanisms against different flaviviruses. Zhang et al. show that a human monoclonal antibody SIgN-3C can neutralize closely related dengue and Zika virus via different mechanisms. The antibody neutralizes dengue virus by preventing virus:endosomal membrane fusion, although it aggregates Zika virus particles extracellularly. © 2020 The Author(s)
Source Title: Cell Reports
ISSN: 2211-1247
DOI: 10.1016/j.celrep.2020.107584
Rights: Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International
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