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Title: Macroscale and microcircuit dissociation of focal and generalized human epilepsies
Authors: Weng, Y.
Larivière, S.
Caciagli, L.
Vos de Wael, R.
Rodríguez-Cruces, R.
Royer, J.
Xu, Q.
Bernasconi, N.
Bernasconi, A.
Thomas Yeo, B.T. 
Lu, G.
Zhang, Z.
Bernhardt, B.C.
Issue Date: 18-May-2020
Publisher: Nature Research
Citation: Weng, Y., Larivière, S., Caciagli, L., Vos de Wael, R., Rodríguez-Cruces, R., Royer, J., Xu, Q., Bernasconi, N., Bernasconi, A., Thomas Yeo, B.T., Lu, G., Zhang, Z., Bernhardt, B.C. (2020-05-18). Macroscale and microcircuit dissociation of focal and generalized human epilepsies. Communications Biology 3 (1) : 244. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Rights: Attribution 4.0 International
Abstract: Thalamo-cortical pathology plays key roles in both generalized and focal epilepsies, but there is little work directly comparing these syndromes at the level of whole-brain mechanisms. Using multimodal imaging, connectomics, and computational simulations, we examined thalamo-cortical and cortico-cortical signatures and underlying microcircuits in 96 genetic generalized (GE) and 107 temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) patients, along with 65 healthy controls. Structural and functional network profiling highlighted extensive atrophy, microstructural disruptions and decreased thalamo-cortical connectivity in TLE, while GE showed only subtle structural anomalies paralleled by enhanced thalamo-cortical connectivity. Connectome-informed biophysical simulations indicated modest increases in subcortical drive contributing to cortical dynamics in GE, while TLE presented with reduced subcortical drive and imbalanced excitation–inhibition within limbic and somatomotor microcircuits. Multiple sensitivity analyses supported robustness. Our multiscale analyses differentiate human focal and generalized epilepsy at the systems-level, showing paradoxically more severe microcircuit and macroscale imbalances in the former. © 2020, The Author(s).
Source Title: Communications Biology
ISSN: 23993642
DOI: 10.1038/s42003-020-0958-5
Rights: Attribution 4.0 International
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