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Title: Interaction between a haptoglobin genetic variant and coronary artery disease (CAD) risk factors on CAD severity in Singaporean Chinese population
Authors: Chang, X. 
Dorajoo, R. 
Han, Y.
Wang, L.
Liu, J. 
Khor, C.-C. 
Low, Adrian F. 
Chan, M.Y.-Y. 
Yuan, J.-M. 
Koh, W.-P. 
Friedlander, Y. 
Heng, C.-K. 
Keywords: coronary artery disease severity
gene-environment interaction
Issue Date: 2020
Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell
Citation: Chang, X., Dorajoo, R., Han, Y., Wang, L., Liu, J., Khor, C.-C., Low, Adrian F., Chan, M.Y.-Y., Yuan, J.-M., Koh, W.-P., Friedlander, Y., Heng, C.-K. (2020). Interaction between a haptoglobin genetic variant and coronary artery disease (CAD) risk factors on CAD severity in Singaporean Chinese population. Molecular Genetics and Genomic Medicine 8 (10) : e1450. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Rights: Attribution 4.0 International
Abstract: Background: Haptoglobin (Hp) is a plasma protein with strong anti-inflammation and antioxidant activities. Its plasma level is known to be inversely associated with many inflammatory diseases, including cardiovascular diseases. However, the association of HP genetic variants with coronary artery disease (CAD) severity/mortality, and how they interact with common CAD risk factors are largely unknown. Methods: We conducted the analysis in a Singaporean Chinese CAD population with Gensini severity scores (N = 582) and subsequently evaluated the significant findings in an independent cohort with cardiovascular mortality (excluding stroke) as outcome (917 cases and 19,093 controls). CAD risk factors were ascertained from questionnaires, and stenosis information from medical records. Mortality was identified through linkage with the nationwide registry of births and deaths in Singapore. Linear regression analysis between HP genetic variant (rs217181) and disease outcome were performed. Interaction analyses were performed by introducing an interaction term in the same regression models. Results: Although rs217181 was not significantly associated with CAD severity and cardiovascular mortality (excluding stroke) in all subjects, when stratified by hypertension status, hypertensive individuals with the minor T allele have more severe CAD (? = 0.073, SE = 0.030, p = 0.015) and non-hypertensive individuals with the T allele have lower risk for mortality (odds ratio = 0.771 (0.607–0.980), p = 0.033). Conclusion: HP genetic variant is not associated with CAD severity and mortality in the general population. However, hypertensive individuals with the rs217181 T allele associated with higher Hp levels had more severe CAD while non-hypertensive individuals with the same allele had lower risk for mortality in the Chinese population. © 2020 The Authors. Molecular Genetics & Genomic Medicine published by Wiley Periodicals LLC.
Source Title: Molecular Genetics and Genomic Medicine
ISSN: 23249269
DOI: 10.1002/mgg3.1450
Rights: Attribution 4.0 International
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