Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-020-8375-8
Title: Facilitators and barriers of managing patients with multiple chronic conditions in the community: A qualitative study
Authors: Foo, K.M.
Sundram, M.
Legido-Quigley, H. 
Keywords: Barriers
Caregivers
Facilitators
Multiple chronic conditions
Patients
Primary care physicians
Qualitative study
Issue Date: 2020
Publisher: BioMed Central Ltd.
Citation: Foo, K.M., Sundram, M., Legido-Quigley, H. (2020). Facilitators and barriers of managing patients with multiple chronic conditions in the community: A qualitative study. BMC Public Health 20 (1) : 273. ScholarBank@NUS Repository. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-020-8375-8
Rights: Attribution 4.0 International
Abstract: Background: Approximately one-third of all adults worldwide are diagnosed with multiple chronic conditions (MCCs). The literature has identified several challenges facing providers and patients coping with managing MCCs in the community, yet few studies have considered their viewpoints in combination. A qualitative study involving healthcare providers and users was thus conducted to examine facilitators and barriers of managing patients with MCCs in the community in Singapore. Methods: This study involves 26 semi-structured interviews with 10 physicians, 2 caregivers and 14 patients seeking treatment in the polyclinics that provide subsidised primary care services. Topic guides were developed with reference to the literature review, Chronic Care Model (CCM) and framework for patient-centred access to healthcare. Results: Despite the perceived affordability and availability of the support system, some patients still encountered financial difficulties in managing care. These include inadequacy of the nation-wide medical savings scheme to cover outpatient treatment and medications. Half of healthcare users did not know where to seek help. While patients could access comprehensive services in polyclinics, those who did not visit the clinics might not receive timely care. Furthermore, patients reported long consultation waiting time. Physicians were able to propose and drive quality improvement projects to improve care quality. However, there were challenges to delivering safe and quality care with limited consultation duration due to the need to manage high patient load and waiting time, inadequate communication with specialists to coordinate care, and resource constraints in managing complex patients. Although providers could equip patients with self-management and lifestyle-related guidelines, patients' actions are influenced by multiple factors, including work requirements, beliefs and environment. Conclusions: There were barriers on care access, delivery and self-management. It is crucial to adopt a whole-of-society approach involving individuals, community, institutions and policymakers to improve and support MCC management. This study has also highlighted the importance of considering the different viewpoints of healthcare providers and users in policy formulation and community care planning. © 2020 The Author(s).
Source Title: BMC Public Health
URI: https://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/196201
ISSN: 1471-2458
DOI: 10.1186/s12889-020-8375-8
Rights: Attribution 4.0 International
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