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Title: Graphene oxide-based substrate: physical and surface characterization, cytocompatibility and differentiation potential of dental pulp stem cells
Authors: Rosa, Vinicius 
Xie, Han
Dubey, Nileshkumar 
Madanagopal, Thulasi T
Rajan, Sneha S 
Morin, Julien Luc Paul 
Islam, Intekhab 
Neto, Antonio Helio Castro 
Keywords: Science & Technology
Life Sciences & Biomedicine
Dentistry, Oral Surgery & Medicine
Materials Science, Biomaterials
Materials Science
Cell proliferation
Cell differentiation
Raman spectroscopy
Surface characterization
Dental pulp stem cells
Issue Date: 1-Aug-2016
Citation: Rosa, Vinicius, Xie, Han, Dubey, Nileshkumar, Madanagopal, Thulasi T, Rajan, Sneha S, Morin, Julien Luc Paul, Islam, Intekhab, Neto, Antonio Helio Castro (2016-08-01). Graphene oxide-based substrate: physical and surface characterization, cytocompatibility and differentiation potential of dental pulp stem cells. DENTAL MATERIALS 32 (8) : 1019-1025. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Objective The aim of this study was to evaluate the cytotoxicity and differentiation potential of a graphene oxide (GO)-based substrate using dental pulp stem cell (DPSC). Methods GO was obtained via chemical exfoliation of graphite using the modified Hummer's method and dispersed in water-methanol solution. 250 μL of 1.5 mg/mL solution were added to a cover slip and allowed to dry (25 °C, 24 h). GO-based substrate was characterized by Raman spectroscopy, AFM and contact angle. DPSC were seeded on GO and glass (control). Cell attachment and proliferation were evaluated by polymeric F-actin staining, SEM and MTS assay for five days. mRNA expression of MSX-1, PAX-9, RUNX2, COL I, DMP-1 and DSPP were evaluated by qPCR (7 and 14 days). Statistical analyses were performed by either Mann–Whitney, one or two-way Anova followed by and Tukey's post hoc analysis (α = 0.05). Results Peaks at 1587 cm−1 and 1340 cm−1 (G and D band) and ID/IG of 0.83 were observed for GO with Raman. AFM showed that GO was randomly deposited and created a rougher surface comparing to the control. Cells successfully adhered on both substrates. There was no difference in cell proliferation after 5 days. Cells on GO presented higher expression for all genes tested except MSX-1 and RUNX2 for 7 days. Significance GO-based substrate allowed DPSC attachment, proliferation and increased the expression of several genes that are upregulated in mineral-producing cells. These findings open opportunities to the use of GO alone or in combination with dental materials to improve their bioactivity and beyond.
ISSN: 01095641
DOI: 10.1016/
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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