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Title: Enhancement of Endothelialization by Topographical Features Is Mediated by PTP1B-Dependent Endothelial Adherens Junctions Remodeling
Authors: Gorji, A
Toh, PJY
Ong, HT 
Toh, YC 
Toyama, Y 
Kanchanawong, P 
Keywords: PTP1B
endothelial cells
endothelial integrity
protein tyrosine phosphatase
topography sensing
Adherens Junctions
Cell Line
Cell Movement
Endothelial Cells
Endothelium, Vascular
Issue Date: 1-Jan-2021
Publisher: American Chemical Society (ACS)
Citation: Gorji, A, Toh, PJY, Ong, HT, Toh, YC, Toyama, Y, Kanchanawong, P (2021-01-01). Enhancement of Endothelialization by Topographical Features Is Mediated by PTP1B-Dependent Endothelial Adherens Junctions Remodeling. ACS Biomaterials Science and Engineering 7 (6) : 2661-2675. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Endothelial Cells (ECs) form cohesive cellular lining of the vasculature and play essential roles in both developmental processes and pathological conditions. Collective migration and proliferation of endothelial cells (ECs) are key processes underlying endothelialization of vessels as well as vascular graft, but the complex interplay of mechanical and biochemical signals regulating these processes are still not fully elucidated. While surface topography and biochemical modifications have been used to enhance endothelialization in vitro, thus far such single-modality modifications have met with limited success. As combination therapy that utilizes multiple modalities has shown improvement in addressing various intractable and complex biomedical conditions, here, we explore a combined strategy that utilizes topographical features in conjunction with pharmacological perturbations. We characterized EC behaviors in response to micrometer-scale grating topography in concert with pharmacological perturbations of endothelial adherens junctions (EAJ) regulators. We found that the protein tyrosine phosphatase, PTP1B, serves as a potent regulator of EAJ stability, with PTP1B inhibition synergizing with grating topographies to modulate EAJ rearrangement, thereby augmenting global EC monolayer sheet orientation, proliferation, connectivity, and collective cell migration. Our data delineates the crosstalk between cell-ECM topography sensing and cell-cell junction integrity maintenance and suggests that the combined use of grating topography and PTP1B inhibitor could be a promising strategy for promoting collective EC migration and proliferation.
Source Title: ACS Biomaterials Science and Engineering
ISSN: 23739878
DOI: 10.1021/acsbiomaterials.1c00251
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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