Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.electstud.2018.05.006
Title: Electoral manipulation, opposition power, and institutional change: Contesting for electoral reform in Singapore, Malaysia, and Cambodia
Authors: Ong, Elvin 
Keywords: Social Sciences
Political Science
Government & Law
Electoral authoritarian regimes
Electoral manipulation
Electoral reform
Institutional change
Southeast Asia
Singapore
Malaysia
Cambodia
AUTHORITARIAN INSTITUTIONS
ELECTIONS
DEMOCRATIZATION
DEMOCRACY
COALITIONS
FRAUD
PARTY
INCENTIVES
OBSERVERS
POLITICS
Issue Date: 1-Aug-2018
Publisher: ELSEVIER SCI LTD
Citation: Ong, Elvin (2018-08-01). Electoral manipulation, opposition power, and institutional change: Contesting for electoral reform in Singapore, Malaysia, and Cambodia. ELECTORAL STUDIES 54 : 159-171. ScholarBank@NUS Repository. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.electstud.2018.05.006
Abstract: Opposition forces in electoral authoritarian regimes frequently protest against electoral manipulation with varying degrees of success. Why are opposition forces in some countries able to turnout the masses and successfully pressure a dominant regime to allow for electoral reform, whereas those in other countries exhibit much less success? This article argues that the cognitive complexity of electoral manipulation and the form of opposition organization explain divergent contestation and reform trajectories. Where the complexity of electoral manipulation is high, opposition forces are demobilized. Where the complexity of electoral manipulation is low, opposition forces may potentially mobilize the masses to protest for reform. Subsequently, the type of electoral reform – technocratic or partisan – pivots on whether opposition power is concentrated in one veto player or dispersed among multiple actors. I test the arguments through a controlled comparison of electoral reform in three Southeast Asian electoral authoritarian regimes – Singapore, Malaysia, and Cambodia.
Source Title: ELECTORAL STUDIES
URI: https://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/193751
ISSN: 02613794
18736890
DOI: 10.1016/j.electstud.2018.05.006
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