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Title: Dietary Patterns of Five-Year-Old Children and Their Correlates: Findings from a Multi-Ethnic Asian Cohort
Authors: Sugianto R
Toh JY
Wong SF
Tint MT 
Colega MT
Lee YS
Yap F 
Shek L 
Tan KH
Godfrey KM
Chong YS 
Tai BC 
Chong M 
Keywords: Children
dietary patterns
cluster analysis
Issue Date: 29-Apr-2021
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Citation: Sugianto R, Toh JY, Wong SF, Tint MT, Colega MT, Lee YS, Yap F, Shek L, Tan KH, Godfrey KM, Chong YS, Tai BC, Chong M (2021-04-29). Dietary Patterns of Five-Year-Old Children and Their Correlates: Findings from a Multi-Ethnic Asian Cohort. British Journal of Nutrition : 1-44. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: There is limited data on the dietary patterns of 5-year-old children in Asia. The study examined childhood dietary patterns and their maternal and child correlates in a multi-ethnic Asian cohort. Based on caregiver-reported one-month quantitative food frequency questionnaires of 777 children from the Growing Up in Singapore Towards healthy Outcomes (GUSTO) cohort, cluster analysis identified two mutually exclusive clusters. Children in the “Unhealthy” cluster (43.9%) consumed more fries, processed meat, biscuits and ice cream, and less fish, fruits and vegetables compared to those in the “Healthy” cluster (56.1%). Children with mothers of lower educational attainment had twice the odds of being assigned to the “Unhealthy” cluster (adjusted OR (95% CI) = 2.19 (1.49-3.24)). Children of Malay and Indian ethnicities had higher odds of being assigned to the “Unhealthy” cluster (adjusted OR = 25.46 (15.40-42.10) and 4.03 (2.68-6.06)) respectively, relative to Chinese ethnicity. In conclusion, this study identified two dietary patterns in children, labelled as the “Unhealthy” and “Healthy” clusters. Mothers’ educational attainment and ethnicity were two correlates that were associated with the children’s assignments to the clusters. These findings can assist in informing health promotion programmes targeted at Asian children.
Source Title: British Journal of Nutrition
ISSN: 71145
DOI: 10.1017/S0007114521001434
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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