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Title: Fire performance of composite columns made of high strength steel and concrete
Authors: LI SHAN 
Issue Date: Jun-2021
Publisher: Elsevier
Citation: LI SHAN, LIEW JAT YUEN,RICHARD, XIONG MINGXIANG (2021-06). Fire performance of composite columns made of high strength steel and concrete. Journal of Constructional Steel Research. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: The use of high strength steel and concrete materials for composite column construction is partly impeded by the lack of research on their fire performance. In EN1994-1-1, the highest concrete grade allowed for designing composite columns is capped at C50. This paper investigates the behaviour of concrete encased steel (CES) composite columns made of C120 concrete and S500/690 steel section under ISO834 standard fire through a series of experimental and numerical analyses. Fire tests were carried out on five high strength CES column specimens subject to varying eccentricity of loading to study their behaviours in fire. Polypropylene fibres were added into the high strength concrete mix to prevent the explosive spalling so that explicit modelling of cover spalling phenomenon can be omitted in the numerical analysis. A unified method is proposed to determine the transient strain of high strength concrete at elevated temperatures, allowing the stress-strain curves in EN1992-1-2 to be extended to high strength concrete up to C120. A numerical model, which can capture the strain reversal of concrete caused by the flexural deformation of columns at elevated temperatures, is proposed to enable a good prediction of axial displacement responses of CES columns in comparison with the test results. Finally, based on the validated numerical model and parametric studies, a new tabulated data method is proposed for the fire resistance design of CES columns with concrete class up to C90 concrete and steel section grade up to S550.
Source Title: Journal of Constructional Steel Research
ISSN: 0143974X
DOI: 10.1016/j.jcsr.2021.106640
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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