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Title: Care redesign of pelvic radiotherapy using Design Thinking: An enhanced quality improvement initiative.
Authors: Ho, Cho Hao Francis 
Tey, Jeremy Chee Seong 
Ooi, Kiat Huat 
Tan, Teng Hwee 
Leong, Yiat Horng
Chia, David
Issue Date: 10-Oct-2020
Publisher: American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO)
Citation: Ho, Cho Hao Francis, Tey, Jeremy Chee Seong, Ooi, Kiat Huat, Tan, Teng Hwee, Leong, Yiat Horng, Chia, David (2020-10-10). Care redesign of pelvic radiotherapy using Design Thinking: An enhanced quality improvement initiative.. Journal of Clinical Oncology 38 (29_suppl) : 246-246. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract:  246 Background: Cone Beam Computed Tomography(CBCT) is the cornerstone of image guided radiotherapy(IGRT) which is an integral part of pelvic cancers like prostate cancer. Each pelvic radiotherapy (RT) session is preceded by a planned CBCT to ensure target localisation and organ at risk avoidance. When these criteria are not met, an unplanned CBCT is performed until the CBCT is satisfactory. Possible reasons for an unsatisfactory CBCT include an under filled bladder, distended rectum or prostate gland movement. Repeated unplanned CBCT results in unnecessary excess radiation for patients. We aimed to reduce the incidence of unplanned CBCT from a baseline of 21% to 9% over 5 months. Methods: We conducted the project using both conventional quality improvement methodology and the design thinking methodology. In the diagnostic phase up to March 2017, the baseline incidence of CBCT in patients receiving pelvic RT was 21%. We hypothesized that there were reversible factors leading to a higher incidence of unplanned CBCT and sought to identify and rectify these reversible factors to reduce the incidence of unplanned CBCT. Using human centred design, we designed a new process of performing a bladder ultrasound prior to CBCT to ensure a full bladder prior to RT using the steps empathy, define, ideation, prototype, testing, sharing. Results: A total of 97 patients that underwent pelvic radiotherapy were included in this study, 40 patients were pre intervention and 61 patients received the bladder ultrasound intervention implemented from April 2017 onwards. After intervention, incidence of unplanned decreased from 21% to 5.8%. A 2 sample t test was used to compare the unplanned CBCT pre and post intervention. We found the mean pre and post intervention difference in pooled mean incidence of unplanned CBCT to be significantly different by 13.3%. The reduction in unplanned CBCT translated to saving each patient on average equivalent to 3000 chest x rays worth of unnecessary radiation. Conclusions: Design Thinking is a feasible strategy in quality improvement. We report the first design thinking project in radiation oncology quality improvement. An automated ultrasound bladder is a feasible strategy to screen for bladder filling prior to each CBCT to reduce reliance on CBCT and also patient exposure to radiation in IGRT of pelvic cancers.
Source Title: Journal of Clinical Oncology
ISSN: 0732183X
DOI: 10.1200/jco.2020.38.29_suppl.246
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