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Title: A method to assess image quality for Low-dose PET: Analysis of SNR, CNR, bias and image noise
Authors: Yan, J
Schaefferkoette, J 
Conti, M
Townsend, D 
Keywords: fluorodeoxyglucose f 18
fluorodeoxyglucose f 18
radiopharmaceutical agent
cancer screening
clinical article
computer assisted emission tomography
contrast to noise ratio
image analysis
image display
image processing
image quality
lung cancer
quantitative analysis
radiological parameters
signal noise ratio
positron emission tomography
radiation response
signal noise ratio
Dose-Response Relationship, Radiation
Fluorodeoxyglucose F18
Positron-Emission Tomography
Reproducibility of Results
Signal-To-Noise Ratio
Issue Date: 2016
Citation: Yan, J, Schaefferkoette, J, Conti, M, Townsend, D (2016). A method to assess image quality for Low-dose PET: Analysis of SNR, CNR, bias and image noise. Cancer Imaging 16 (1) : 26. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Background: Lowering injected dose will have an effect on PET image quality. In this article, we aim to investigate this effect in terms of signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) in the liver, contrast-to-noise ratio (CNR) in the lesion, bias and ensemble image noise. Methods: We present here our method and preliminary results using tuberculosis (TB) cases. Sixteen patients who underwent 18F-FDG PET/MR scans covering the whole lung and portion of the liver were selected for the study. Reduced doses were simulated by randomly discarding events in the PET list mode data stream, and ten realizations at each simulated dose were generated and reconstructed. The volumes of interest (VOI) were delineated on the image reconstructed from the original full statistics data for each patient. Four thresholds (20, 40, 60 and 80 % of SUVmax) were used to quantify the effect of the threshold on CNR at the different count level. Image metrics were calculated for each VOI. This experiment allowed us to quantify the loss of SNR and CNR as a function of the counts in the scan, in turn related to dose injected. Reproducibility of mean and maximum standardized uptake value (SUVmean and SUVmax) measurement in the lesions was studied as standard deviation across 10 realizations. Results: At 5 × 106 counts in the scan, the average SNR in the liver in the observed samples is about 3, and the CNR is reduced to 60 % of the full statistics value. The CNR in the lesion and SNR in the liver decreased with reducing count data. The variation of CNR across the four thresholds does not significantly change until the count level of 5 × 106. After correcting the factor related to subject's weight, the square of the SNR in the liver was found to have a very good linear relationship with detected counts. Some quantitative bias appears with count reduction. At the count level of 5 × 106, bias and noise in terms of SUVmean and SUVmax are up to 10 and 20 %, respectively. To keep both bias and noise less than 10 %, 5 × 106 counts and 20 × 106 counts were required for SUVmean and SUVmax, respectively. Conclusions: Initial results with the given data of 16 patients diagnosed as TB demonstrated that 5 × 106 counts in the scan could be sufficient to yield good images in terms of SNR, CNR, bias and noise. In the future, more work needs to be done to validate the proposed method with a larger population and lung cancer patient data. © 2016 The Author(s).
Source Title: Cancer Imaging
ISSN: 1470-7330
DOI: 10.1186/s40644-016-0086-0
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