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Title: Altered sensory insular connectivity in chronic postsurgical pain patients
Authors: Ching, Y.Y
Wang, C
Tay, T 
Loke, Y.M 
Tang, P.H
Sng, B.L 
Zhou, J 
Keywords: adult
angular gyrus
chronic pain
clinical article
controlled study
functional connectivity
functional magnetic resonance imaging
middle aged
nociceptive stimulation
occipital gyrus
sensorimotor function
sensory dysfunction
sensory stimulation
Issue Date: 2018
Citation: Ching, Y.Y, Wang, C, Tay, T, Loke, Y.M, Tang, P.H, Sng, B.L, Zhou, J (2018). Altered sensory insular connectivity in chronic postsurgical pain patients. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 12 : 483. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Chronic postsurgical pain (CPSP) occurs in up to 50% of individuals after surgeries and 32% after hysterectomy, leading to major adverse effects on quality of life and socioeconomic burden. Little is known about whether and how large-scale neural networks being affected in CPSP, particularly with regard to the functional connectivity (FC) of insula which is known to be the hub of the intrinsic neural network playing a critical role in pain processing. Here, we sought to examine the dynamics of insular FC in the context of noxious stimuli in CPSP patients. To this aim, resting state fMRI data were acquired, before and after acute heat pain stimulation, from 11 individuals with chronic post-hysterectomy pain (CPHP) and 22 age-matched healthy controls (HCs) who had a hysterectomy but without chronic post-surgical pain. We examined whole-brain FC were mapped by seeding at the sensorimotor and chemosensory subfields of the insula and found significant group × stimulation interaction effects. Specifically, the HC group had increased FC between the left sensorimotor insula and right angular and middle occipital gyrus (MOG) and increased FC between the left chemosensory insula and bilateral angular and MOG following pain stimulation. In contrast, such pain stimulation related FC changes were absent in the CPHP group. Furthermore, higher insular FC at baseline and smaller increased insular FC after pain stimulation correlated with clinical pain scores in CPHP patients. Our findings suggest that CPSP is associated with altered dynamics of large-scale functional networks anchored in the insula. © 2018 Ching, Wang, Tay, Loke, Tang, Sng and Zhou.
Source Title: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
ISSN: 1662-5161
DOI: 10.3389/fnhum.2018.00483
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