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Title: Broadband energy harvester using non-linear polymer spring and electromagnetic/triboelectric hybrid mechanism
Authors: Gupta R.K.
Shi Q. 
Dhakar L. 
Wang T. 
Heng C.H. 
Lee C. 
Issue Date: 2017
Publisher: Nature Publishing Group
Citation: Gupta R.K., Shi Q., Dhakar L., Wang T., Heng C.H., Lee C. (2017). Broadband energy harvester using non-linear polymer spring and electromagnetic/triboelectric hybrid mechanism. Scientific Reports 7 : 41396. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Over the years, several approaches have been devised to widen the operating bandwidth, but most of them can only be triggered at high accelerations. In this work, we investigate a broadband energy harvester based on combination of non-linear stiffening effect and multimodal energy harvesting to obtain high bandwidth over wide range of accelerations (0.1 g-2.0 g). In order to achieve broadband behavior, a polymer based spring exhibiting multimodal energy harvesting is used. Besides, non-linear stiffening effect is introduced by using mechanical stoppers. At low accelerations (<0.5 g), the nearby mode frequencies of polymer spring contribute to broadening characteristics, while proof mass engages with mechanical stoppers to introduce broadening by non-linear stiffening at higher accelerations. The electromagnetic mechanism is employed in this design to enhance its output at low accelerations when triboelectric output is negligible. Our device displays bandwidth of 40 Hz even at low acceleration of 0.1 g and it is increased up to 68 Hz at 2 g. When non-linear stiffening is used along with multimodal energy-harvesting, the obtained bandwidth increases from 23 Hz to 68 Hz with percentage increment of 295% at 1.8 g. Further, we have demonstrated the triboelectric output measured as acceleration sensing signals in terms of voltage and current sensitivity of 4.7 Vg '1 and 19.7 nAg '1, respectively. © The Author(s) 2017.
Source Title: Scientific Reports
ISSN: 2045-2322
DOI: 10.1038/srep41396
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