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Title: Age-related bone loss is associated with FGF21 but not IGFBP1 in healthy adults
Authors: Lee, SY
Fam, KD
Chia, KL
Yap, MMC
Goh, J
Yeo, KP 
Yap, EPH 
Chotirmall, SH
Lim, CL 
Keywords: bone mineral density
bone turnover
Issue Date: 1-Apr-2020
Publisher: Wiley
Citation: Lee, SY, Fam, KD, Chia, KL, Yap, MMC, Goh, J, Yeo, KP, Yap, EPH, Chotirmall, SH, Lim, CL (2020-04-01). Age-related bone loss is associated with FGF21 but not IGFBP1 in healthy adults. Experimental Physiology 105 (4) : 622-631. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: © 2020 The Authors. Experimental Physiology © 2020 The Physiological Society What is the central question of this study? Fibroblast growth factor 21 (FGF21) plays important therapeutic roles in metabolic diseases but is associated with bone loss, through insulin-like growth factor binding protein 1 (IGFBP1), in animals. However, the effect of the FGF21–IGFBP1 axis on age-related bone loss has not been explored in humans. What is the main finding and its importance? Using ‘genetically linked’ parent and child family pairs, we show that the FGF21 concentration, but not the IGFBP1 concentration, is higher in older than in younger adults. Our results suggest that age-associated decline in bone mineral density is associated with FGF21 and increased bone turnover but not likely to involve IGFBP1 in healthy humans. Abstract: Bone fragility increases with age. The fibroblast growth factor 21 (FGF21)–insulin-like growth factor binding protein 1 (IGFBP1) axis regulates bone loss in animals. However, the role of FGF21 in mediating age-associated bone fragility in humans remains unknown. The purpose of this study was to explore the FGF21-regulatory axis in bone turnover and the age-related decline in bone mineral density (BMD). Twenty ‘genetically linked’ family (parent and child) pairs were recruited. Younger adults were 22–39 years old and older adults 60–71 years old. The BMD and serum concentrations of FGF21, IGFBP1, receptor activator of nuclear factor-κB ligand (RANKL), tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase 5b (TRAP5b) and bone-specific alkaline phosphatase (BAP) were measured. Older adults had 10–18% lower BMD at the hip and spine (P < 0.008) and a twofold higher FGF21 concentration (P < 0.001). The IGFBP1 concentration was similar in younger and older adults (P = 0.961). The RANKL concentration was 44% lower (P = 0.006), whereas TRAP5b and BAP concentrations were 36 and 31% higher (P = 0.01 and P = 0.004), respectively, in older adults than in younger adults. Adjusting for sex did not affect these results. The FGF21 concentration was negatively correlated with BMD at the spine (r = −0.460, P = 0.003), but not with the IGFBP1 concentration (r = −0.144, P = 0.374). The IGFBP1 concentration was not correlated with BMD at the hip or spine (all P > 0.05). In humans, FGF21 might be involved in the age-associated decline in BMD, especially at the spine, through increased bone turnover. IGFBP1 is unlikely to be the downstream effector of FGF21 in driving the age-associated decline in BMD and in RANKL-associated osteoclast differentiation.
Source Title: Experimental Physiology
ISSN: 09580670
DOI: 10.1113/EP088351
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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