Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0089055
Title: Reverse zoonotic disease transmission (Zooanthroponosis): A systematic review of seldom-documented human biological threats to animals
Authors: Messenger A.M.
Barnes A.N.
Gray G.C. 
Keywords: animal disease
Antarctica
article
bacterial infection
bacterial virulence
disease transmission
fungal virulence
habitat
host pathogen interaction
human-animal bond
livestock
mycosis
nonhuman
parasite virulence
parasitosis
risk assessment
risk factor
systematic review
virus infection
virus virulence
wildlife
zoonosis
Animals
Animals, Domestic
Animals, Wild
Communicable Diseases
Humans
Influenza A virus
Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus
Zoonoses
Issue Date: 2014
Publisher: Public Library of Science
Citation: Messenger A.M., Barnes A.N., Gray G.C. (2014). Reverse zoonotic disease transmission (Zooanthroponosis): A systematic review of seldom-documented human biological threats to animals. PLoS ONE 9 (2) : e89055. ScholarBank@NUS Repository. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0089055
Abstract: Background: Research regarding zoonotic diseases often focuses on infectious diseases animals have given to humans. However, an increasing number of reports indicate that humans are transmitting pathogens to animals. Recent examples include methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus, influenza A virus, Cryptosporidium parvum, and Ascaris lumbricoides. The aim of this review was to provide an overview of published literature regarding reverse zoonoses and highlight the need for future work in this area. Methods: An initial broad literature review yielded 4763 titles, of which 4704 were excluded as not meeting inclusion criteria. After careful screening, 56 articles (from 56 countries over three decades) with documented human-to-animal disease transmission were included in this report. Findings: In these publications, 21 (38%) pathogens studied were bacterial, 16 (29%) were viral, 12 (21%) were parasitic, and 7 (13%) were fungal, other, or involved multiple pathogens. Effected animals included wildlife (n = 28, 50%), livestock (n = 24, 43%), companion animals (n = 13, 23%), and various other animals or animals not explicitly mentioned (n = 2, 4%). Published reports of reverse zoonoses transmission occurred in every continent except Antarctica therefore indicating a worldwide disease threat. Interpretation: As we see a global increase in industrial animal production, the rapid movement of humans and animals, and the habitats of humans and wild animals intertwining with great complexity, the future promises more opportunities for humans to cause reverse zoonoses. Scientific research must be conducted in this area to provide a richer understanding of emerging and reemerging disease threats. As a result, multidisciplinary approaches such as One Health will be needed to mitigate these problems. © 2014 Messenger et al.
Source Title: PLoS ONE
URI: https://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/165955
ISSN: 19326203
DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0089055
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