Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://doi.org/10.1002/ece3.4207
Title: Experimental field tests of Batesian mimicry in the swallowtail butterfly Papilio polytes
Authors: Palmer, Daniela H
Tan, Yue Qian 
Finkbeiner, Susan D
Briscoe, Adriana D
Monteiro, Antonia 
Kronforst, Marcus R
Keywords: Science & Technology
Life Sciences & Biomedicine
Ecology
Evolutionary Biology
Environmental Sciences & Ecology
Batesian mimicry
polymorphism
sexual dimorphism
wing pattern
CORAL-SNAKE PATTERN
WARNING COLORATION
DISTASTEFUL PREY
PREDATION
AVOIDANCE
EVOLUTION
SIGNALS
CONSPICUOUSNESS
POLYMORPHISM
RECOGNITION
Issue Date: 1-Aug-2018
Publisher: WILEY
Citation: Palmer, Daniela H, Tan, Yue Qian, Finkbeiner, Susan D, Briscoe, Adriana D, Monteiro, Antonia, Kronforst, Marcus R (2018-08-01). Experimental field tests of Batesian mimicry in the swallowtail butterfly Papilio polytes. ECOLOGY AND EVOLUTION 8 (15) : 7657-7666. ScholarBank@NUS Repository. https://doi.org/10.1002/ece3.4207
Abstract: © 2018 The Authors. Ecology and Evolution published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd. The swallowtail butterfly Papilio polytes is known for its striking resemblance in wing pattern to the toxic butterfly Pachliopta aristolochiae and is a focal system for the study of mimicry evolution. Papilio polytes females are polymorphic in wing pattern, with mimetic and nonmimetic forms, while males are monomorphic and nonmimetic. Past work invokes selection for mimicry as the driving force behind wing pattern evolution in P. polytes. However, the mimetic relationship between P. polytes and P. aristolochiae is not well understood. In order to test the mimicry hypothesis, we constructed paper replicas of mimetic and nonmimetic P. polytes and P. aristolochiae, placed them in their natural habitat, and measured bird predation on replicas. In initial trials with stationary replicas and plasticine bodies, overall predation was low and we found no differences in predation between replica types. In later trials with replicas mounted on springs and with live mealworms standing in for the butterfly's body, we found less predation on mimetic P. polytes replicas compared to nonmimetic P. polytes replicas, consistent with the predator avoidance benefits of mimicry. While our results are mixed, they generally lend support to the mimicry hypothesis as well as the idea that behavioral differences between the sexes contributed to the evolution of sexually dimorphic mimicry.
Source Title: ECOLOGY AND EVOLUTION
URI: https://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/155106
ISSN: 2045-7758
2045-7758
DOI: 10.1002/ece3.4207
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications
Elements

Show full item record
Files in This Item:
There are no files associated with this item.

Page view(s)

23
checked on Aug 22, 2019

Google ScholarTM

Check

Altmetric


Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.