Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-018-34043-0
Title: Haze smoke impacts survival and development of butterflies
Authors: Tan, Yue Qian 
Dion, Emilie 
Monteiro, Antonia 
Keywords: Science & Technology
Multidisciplinary Sciences
Science & Technology - Other Topics
CARBON-DIOXIDE
TRANSBOUNDARY HAZE
TRACHEAL SYSTEM
AIR-POLLUTANTS
FOREST-FIRES
FOOD STRESS
POLLUTION
INSECTS
CONSEQUENCES
HEALTH
Issue Date: 23-Oct-2018
Publisher: NATURE PUBLISHING GROUP
Citation: Tan, Yue Qian, Dion, Emilie, Monteiro, Antonia (2018-10-23). Haze smoke impacts survival and development of butterflies. SCIENTIFIC REPORTS 8 (1). ScholarBank@NUS Repository. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-018-34043-0
Abstract: © 2018, The Author(s). The Southeast Asian transboundary haze contains a mixture of gases and particles from forest fires and negatively impacts people’s health and local economies. However, the effect of the haze on organisms other than humans has not yet been sufficiently studied. Insects are important members of food webs and environmental disturbances that affect insects may impact whole ecosystems. Here we studied how haze directly and indirectly affects the survival, growth, and development of insects by rearing Bicyclus anynana butterflies under artificially generated smoke as well as reared in clean air but fed on plants previously exposed to smoke. Direct haze exposure significantly increased the mortality of caterpillars, increased larval development time, and decreased pupal weight, while indirect haze exposure, via ingestion of haze-exposed food plants, also affected development time and pupal weight. No smoke particles were found in the tracheae of subjects from the smoke treatment suggesting that the increase in development time and mortality of B. anynana under smoke conditions might be due to toxic smoke gases and toxic food, rather than particulate matter. These results document significant deleterious effect of haze smoke to the development, adult size, and survival of insects, key players in food-webs.
Source Title: SCIENTIFIC REPORTS
URI: https://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/155105
ISSN: 2045-2322
2045-2322
DOI: 10.1038/s41598-018-34043-0
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