Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-39094-5
Title: Successful Genetic Transfection of the Colonic Protistan Parasite Blastocystis for Reliable Expression of Ectopic Genes
Authors: Li, FJ 
Tsaousis, AD
Purton, T
Chow, VTK 
He, CY 
Tan, KSW 
Issue Date: 1-Dec-2019
Publisher: Springer Nature
Citation: Li, FJ, Tsaousis, AD, Purton, T, Chow, VTK, He, CY, Tan, KSW (2019-12-01). Successful Genetic Transfection of the Colonic Protistan Parasite Blastocystis for Reliable Expression of Ectopic Genes. Scientific Reports 9 (1) : 3159-. ScholarBank@NUS Repository. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-39094-5
Abstract: © 2019, The Author(s). The microbial parasite Blastocystis colonizes the large intestines of numerous animal species and increasing evidence has linked Blastocystis infection to enteric diseases with signs and symptoms including abdominal pain, constipation, diarrhea, nausea, vomiting, and flatulence. It has also recently been reported to be an important member of the host intestinal microbiota. Despite significant advances in our understanding of Blastocystis cell biology and host-parasite interactions, a genetic modification tool is absent. In this study, we successfully established a robust gene delivery protocol for Blastocystis subtype 7 (ST7) and ectopic protein expression was further tested using a high sensitivity nano-luciferase (Nluc) reporter system, with promoter regions from several genes. Among them, a strong promoter encompassing a region upstream of the legumain 5′ UTR was identified. Using this promoter combined with the legumain 3′ UTR, which contains a conserved, precise polyadenylation signal, a robust transient transfection technique was established for the first time in Blastocystis. This system was validated by ectopic expression of proteins harbouring specific localization signals. The establishment of a robust, reproducible gene modification system for Blastocystis is a significant advance for Blastocystis research both in vitro and in vivo. This technique will spearhead further research to understand the parasite’s biology, its role in health and disease, along with novel ways to combat the parasite.
Source Title: Scientific Reports
URI: https://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/155020
ISSN: 2045-2322
2045-2322
DOI: 10.1038/s41598-019-39094-5
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