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|Title:||3640 unique EST clusters from the medaka testis and their potential use for identifying conserved testicular gene expression in fish and mammals||Authors:||Lo, L.
|Issue Date:||23-Dec-2008||Citation:||Lo, L., Zhang, Z., Hong, N., Peng, J., Hong, Y. (2008-12-23). 3640 unique EST clusters from the medaka testis and their potential use for identifying conserved testicular gene expression in fish and mammals. PLoS ONE 3 (12) : -. ScholarBank@NUS Repository. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0003915||Abstract:||Background: The fish medaka is the first vertebrate capable of full spermatogenesis in vitro from self-renewing spermatogonial stem cells to motile test-tube sperm. Precise staging and molecular dissection of this process has been hampered by the lack of suitable molecular markers. Methodology and Principal Findings: We have generated a normalized medaka testis cDNA library and obtained 7040 high quality sequences representing 3641 unique gene clusters. Among these, 1197 unique clusters are homologous to known genes, and 2444 appear to be novel genes. Ontology analysis shows that the 1197 gene products are implicated in diverse molecular and cellular processes. These genes include markers for all major types of testicular somatic and germ cells. Furthermore, markers were identified for major spermatogenic stages ranging from spermatogonial stem cell self-renewal to meiosis entry, progression and completion. Intriguingly, the medaka testis expresses at least 13 homologs of the 33 mouse X-chromosomal genes that are enriched in the testis. More importantly, we show that key components of several signaling pathways known to be important for testicular function in mammals are well represented in the medaka testicular EST collection. Conclusions/Significance: Medaka exhibits a considerable similarity in testicular gene expression to mammals. The medaka testicular EST collection we obtained has wide range coverage and will not only consolidate our knowledge on the comparative analysis of known genes' functions in the testis but also provide a rich resource to dissect molecular events and mechanism of spermatogenesis in vivo and in vitro in medaka as an excellent vertebrate model. © 2008 Lo et al.||Source Title:||PLoS ONE||URI:||http://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/99792||ISSN:||19326203||DOI:||10.1371/journal.pone.0003915|
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