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Title: Synthesis, characterization and electrical properties of hybrid Zn 2GeO 4-ZnO beaded nanowire arrays
Authors: Mukherjee, B.
Varghese, B. 
Zheng, M.
Karthik, K.R.G.
Mathews, N.
Mhaisalkar, S.G.
Tok, E.S. 
Sow, C.H. 
Keywords: A1. Zinc germinate
A2. Hybrid oxide nanowire
B1. Chemical vapor deposition
B2. Field emission
B3. Single hybrid nanowire device
Issue Date: 1-May-2012
Citation: Mukherjee, B., Varghese, B., Zheng, M., Karthik, K.R.G., Mathews, N., Mhaisalkar, S.G., Tok, E.S., Sow, C.H. (2012-05-01). Synthesis, characterization and electrical properties of hybrid Zn 2GeO 4-ZnO beaded nanowire arrays. Journal of Crystal Growth 346 (1) : 32-39. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: We report the syntheses of vertically aligned, beaded zinc germinate (Zn 2GeO 4)/zinc oxide (ZnO) hybrid nanowire arrays via a catalyst-free approach. Vertically aligned ZnO nanowire is used as a lattice matching reactive template for the growth of Zn 2GeO 4/ZnO nanowire. The morphology and structure of the as-prepared samples were characterized using X-ray diffractometry (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS). TEM studies revealed the beaded microstructures of the Zn 2GeO 4/ZnO nanowire. The thickness and microstructures of crystalline beads could be easily controlled by tuning the growth duration and temperature. The photoluminescence spectrum of the Zn 2GeO 4/ZnO nanowires is composed of two peaks, i.e., the ultraviolet (UV) peak and the defect peak. For longer treatment duration of the samples, both the UV and defect peak intensities decrease dramatically. One application of the as-prepared Zn 2GeO 4/ZnO nanowire is to use the nanowire as template for the growth of three-dimensionally (3D) aligned, high-density ZnO nanobranches en route to hierarchical structure. The study of field emission properties of the as-prepared samples revealed the low turn-on voltage and high current density electron emission from the 3D ZnO nanobranches as compared to the ZnO nanowires and Zn 2GeO 4/ZnO nanowires. Furthermore, the electrical transport behavior of single hybrid nanowire device indicates the formation of back-to-back Schottky barriers (SBs) formation at the contacts and its application in white-light response has been demonstrated. © 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Source Title: Journal of Crystal Growth
ISSN: 00220248
DOI: 10.1016/j.jcrysgro.2012.02.008
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