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Title: Extreme nonlocality with one photon
Authors: Heaney, L.
Cabello, A.
Santos, M.F.
Vedral, V. 
Issue Date: May-2011
Citation: Heaney, L., Cabello, A., Santos, M.F., Vedral, V. (2011-05). Extreme nonlocality with one photon. New Journal of Physics 13 : -. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Quantum nonlocality is typically assigned to systems of two or more well-separated particles, but nonlocality can also exist in systems consisting of just a single particle when one considers the subsystems to be distant spatial field modes. Single particle nonlocality has been confirmed experimentally via a bipartite Bell inequality. In this paper, we introduce an N-party Hardy-like proof of the impossibility of local elements of reality and a Bell inequality for local realistic theories in the case of a single particle superposed symmetrically over N spatial field modes (i.e. N qubit W state). We show that, in the limit of large N, the Hardy-like proof effectively becomes an all-versus-nothing (or Greenberger-Horne-Zeilinger (GHZ)-like) proof, and the quantum-classical gap of the Bell inequality tends to be the same as that in a three-particle GHZ experiment. We describe how to test the nonlocality in realistic systems. © IOP Publishing Ltd and Deutsche Physikalische Gesellschaft.
Source Title: New Journal of Physics
ISSN: 13672630
DOI: 10.1088/1367-2630/13/5/053054
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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