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Title: Effect of AlPO4-coating on cathodic behaviour of Li(Ni 0.8Co0.2)O2
Authors: Tan, K.S.
Reddy, M.V. 
Rao, G.V.S.
Chowdari, B.V.R. 
Keywords: AlPO4-coating
Li-ion batteries
Thermal stability
Issue Date: 16-Feb-2005
Citation: Tan, K.S., Reddy, M.V., Rao, G.V.S., Chowdari, B.V.R. (2005-02-16). Effect of AlPO4-coating on cathodic behaviour of Li(Ni 0.8Co0.2)O2. Journal of Power Sources 141 (1) : 129-142. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: The cathodic behaviour and thermal stability in the charged state of bare and 1-8 wt.% AlPO4-coated layered oxide Li(Ni0.8Co 0.2)O2 are investigated. The synthesized compounds are characterized by a wide variety of techniques. X-ray diffraction analysis (XRD) shows that the hexagonal a and c lattice parameters of Li(Ni 0.8Co0.2)O2 are not affected by the AlPO 4-coating, but there are indications of an increasing number of Ni-ions occupying the Li-sites in the Li-layer with increasing amounts of the coated AlPO4. The O 1s X-ray photoelectron spectra clearly indicate two different oxygens that correspond to the coated-AlPO4 and the bare compounds. Cyclic voltammetry (2.5-4.3 V) shows that the characteristic structural phase transitions exhibited by the bare compound are suppressed by ≥5 wt.% AlPO4-coating. Galvanostatic charge-discharge cycling has been carried out at a current density of 30 mA g-1 in the range of 2.5-4.3 V up to 70 cycles and 2.5-4.5 V up to 40 cycles. Capacity-fading of the 3 and 5 wt.% AlPO4-coated Li(Ni0.8Co0.2)O 2 is much less than that shown by the bare compound, which is 21% between 10 and 70 cycles with a 4.3 V cut-off and 48% between 10 and 40 cycles with a 4.5 V cut-off. The coulombic efficiency is >98% in all cases after a few initial cycles. Impedance spectra of cells with 1 and 5 wt.% AlPO 4-coated compounds and ex situ XRD of the 3 and 5 wt.% AlPO 4-coated charged cathodes are examined and the results interpreted. Differential scanning calorimetry curves of the charged cathodes (4.3 V) reveals that the decomposition temperature of 220 °C for the bare compound is increased by ∼10 °C after 3 and 5 wt.% AlPO4-coating, and more significantly the heat evolution decreases by a factor of 5, which indicates better thermal stability. Nevertheless, this benefit comes at the expense of reversible capacities, which decrease from 202 mAh g-1 (fifth cycle, 4.3 V) for the bare compound, to 156 and 100 mAh g-1 for the 3 and 5 wt.% AlPO4-coated Li(Ni0.8Co 0.2)O2, respectively. © 2004 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Source Title: Journal of Power Sources
ISSN: 03787753
DOI: 10.1016/j.jpowsour.2004.08.044
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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