Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpowsour.2004.08.044
Title: Effect of AlPO4-coating on cathodic behaviour of Li(Ni 0.8Co0.2)O2
Authors: Tan, K.S.
Reddy, M.V. 
Rao, G.V.S.
Chowdari, B.V.R. 
Keywords: AlPO4-coating
Cathode
Li(Ni0.8Co0.2)O2
Li-ion batteries
Thermal stability
Issue Date: 16-Feb-2005
Citation: Tan, K.S., Reddy, M.V., Rao, G.V.S., Chowdari, B.V.R. (2005-02-16). Effect of AlPO4-coating on cathodic behaviour of Li(Ni 0.8Co0.2)O2. Journal of Power Sources 141 (1) : 129-142. ScholarBank@NUS Repository. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpowsour.2004.08.044
Abstract: The cathodic behaviour and thermal stability in the charged state of bare and 1-8 wt.% AlPO4-coated layered oxide Li(Ni0.8Co 0.2)O2 are investigated. The synthesized compounds are characterized by a wide variety of techniques. X-ray diffraction analysis (XRD) shows that the hexagonal a and c lattice parameters of Li(Ni 0.8Co0.2)O2 are not affected by the AlPO 4-coating, but there are indications of an increasing number of Ni-ions occupying the Li-sites in the Li-layer with increasing amounts of the coated AlPO4. The O 1s X-ray photoelectron spectra clearly indicate two different oxygens that correspond to the coated-AlPO4 and the bare compounds. Cyclic voltammetry (2.5-4.3 V) shows that the characteristic structural phase transitions exhibited by the bare compound are suppressed by ≥5 wt.% AlPO4-coating. Galvanostatic charge-discharge cycling has been carried out at a current density of 30 mA g-1 in the range of 2.5-4.3 V up to 70 cycles and 2.5-4.5 V up to 40 cycles. Capacity-fading of the 3 and 5 wt.% AlPO4-coated Li(Ni0.8Co0.2)O 2 is much less than that shown by the bare compound, which is 21% between 10 and 70 cycles with a 4.3 V cut-off and 48% between 10 and 40 cycles with a 4.5 V cut-off. The coulombic efficiency is >98% in all cases after a few initial cycles. Impedance spectra of cells with 1 and 5 wt.% AlPO 4-coated compounds and ex situ XRD of the 3 and 5 wt.% AlPO 4-coated charged cathodes are examined and the results interpreted. Differential scanning calorimetry curves of the charged cathodes (4.3 V) reveals that the decomposition temperature of 220 °C for the bare compound is increased by ∼10 °C after 3 and 5 wt.% AlPO4-coating, and more significantly the heat evolution decreases by a factor of 5, which indicates better thermal stability. Nevertheless, this benefit comes at the expense of reversible capacities, which decrease from 202 mAh g-1 (fifth cycle, 4.3 V) for the bare compound, to 156 and 100 mAh g-1 for the 3 and 5 wt.% AlPO4-coated Li(Ni0.8Co 0.2)O2, respectively. © 2004 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Source Title: Journal of Power Sources
URI: http://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/96290
ISSN: 03787753
DOI: 10.1016/j.jpowsour.2004.08.044
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

Show full item record
Files in This Item:
There are no files associated with this item.

SCOPUSTM   
Citations

115
checked on Dec 18, 2018

WEB OF SCIENCETM
Citations

111
checked on Dec 18, 2018

Page view(s)

56
checked on Dec 14, 2018

Google ScholarTM

Check

Altmetric


Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.