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Title: Efficient preparation of separable pseudo[n]rotaxanes by selective threading of oligoalkylammonium salts with cucurbit[7]uril
Authors: Yin, J. 
Chi, C. 
Wu, J. 
Keywords: Counterion exchange
Supramolecular chemistry
Issue Date: 8-Jun-2009
Citation: Yin, J., Chi, C., Wu, J. (2009-06-08). Efficient preparation of separable pseudo[n]rotaxanes by selective threading of oligoalkylammonium salts with cucurbit[7]uril. Chemistry - A European Journal 15 (24) : 6050-6057. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: We describe the efficient preparation of well-defined, homogeneous pseudo[n]rotaxanes (n=2, 3, 4, 5) by the selective threading of oligoalkylammonium salts with cucurbit[7]uril (CB[7]) and the subsequent simple separation of the pure pseudo[n]rotaxanes from the complicated system. A series of well-defined oligoalkylammonium salts were prepared by stepwise synthesis and their molecular recognition and self-assembly with a solution of CB[7] in CF3CO2D/D2O (1:1 v/v) were investigated. As a result of the high affinity of CB[7] to the p-xylene diammonium units (-NH 2 +CH2C6H4CH 2NH2 +-) in the oligoalkylammonium salts, the CB[7] rings threaded onto these cationic threads to form pseudorotaxane structures. Interestingly, due to the repulsive dipole-dipole electrostatic interactions between the CB[7] units and steric hindrance, the threading process exhibited a high selectivity and a unique self-assembling mode was discovered in which two CB[7] units cannot bind the same ammonium site. The as-formed well-defined pseudo[n]- rotaxanes can be easily separated as pure compounds from the mixture by simple counterion exchange with NH4PF6 and the pure pseudo[n]rotaxanes are stable and partially soluble in normal organic solvents. Such facile preparation and separation are mainly ascribed to the high binding constant between CB[7] and the oligoalkylammonium salts and the unique solubility of CB[7] in protonic acid. As most pseudorotaxanes reported in the literature exist as a dynamic mixture and their separation is usually difficult, our research represents one good example in which pure pseudo[n]rotaxanes (n= 2, 3, 4, 5) can be obtained by a simple "threading-followed-by- precipitation" method. © 2009 Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH&Co. KGaA, Weinheim.
Source Title: Chemistry - A European Journal
ISSN: 09476539
DOI: 10.1002/chem.200900251
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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