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Title: Kinetics of thermal degradation of 6FDA based copolyimides - I
Authors: Santhana Gopala Krishnan, P.
Vora, R.H. 
Veeramani, S.
Hong Goh, S. 
Chung, T.-S. 
Keywords: 6FDA
Activation energy
Thermal degradation
Issue Date: 2002
Citation: Santhana Gopala Krishnan, P.,Vora, R.H.,Veeramani, S.,Hong Goh, S.,Chung, T.-S. (2002). Kinetics of thermal degradation of 6FDA based copolyimides - I. Polymer Degradation and Stability 75 (2) : 273-285. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Two series of linear aromatic copolyimides containing hexafluoro isopropylidine moieties (i.e. 6F) were synthesized by reacting 2,2-bis (3,4-dicarboxyphenyl) hexafluoropropane dianhydride (6FDA) with various mole percents of 2,3,5,6-tetramethyl-1,4-phenylene diamine (Durene diamine) and 2,6-diamino toluene (DAT) or m-phenylene diamine (mPDA) in N-methyl-2-pyrrolidone (NMP). These copolyimides were characterised by GPC, XRD, DSC, TMA, DMA and TGA. Copolymer composition of these copolyimides was determined using 1H-NMR. Tg calculated using Fox equation was compared with experimentally found values. All copolyimides were found to be amorphous. Activation energy was determined for the thermal degradation of these copolyimides using Coats-Redfern and Chang equations and were found to follow first order kinetics in air and in nitrogen. Inherent viscosity and Tg, decreased with decrease in mole ratio of durene diamine whereas activation energy and frequency factor [ln (A)] were found to increase with decrease in mole ratio of durene diamine in [6FDA + Durene diamine + mPDA] and [6FDA + Durene diamine + DAT] copolyimide series. CO2 was the main decomposition product in air and CHF3 in nitrogen atmosphere. Amount of CHF3 evolved increased with increase in durene content in copolyimide series. © 2002 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.
Source Title: Polymer Degradation and Stability
ISSN: 01413910
DOI: 10.1016/S0141-3910(01)00230-0
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