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|Title:||Effect of ZrO2 loading on the structure, acidity, and catalytic activity of the SO4 2-/ZrO2/MCM-41 acid catalyst||Authors:||Xia, Q.-H.
|Issue Date:||2002||Citation:||Xia, Q.-H., Hidajat, K., Kawi, S. (2002). Effect of ZrO2 loading on the structure, acidity, and catalytic activity of the SO4 2-/ZrO2/MCM-41 acid catalyst. Journal of Catalysis 205 (2) : 318-331. ScholarBank@NUS Repository. https://doi.org/10.1006/jcat.2001.3424||Abstract:||The regular hexagonal structure of siliceous MCM-41 with a uniform mesopore size is still maintained after 48.5 wt% ZrO2 loading. Under high loadings (≥26.7%) of ZrO2, a very small amount of ZrO2 clusters (present as tetragonal ZrO2 phase) might be formed inside or outside the MCM-41 structure. The hydrophobicity of the SO4 2-/ZrO2/MCM-41 catalysts is stepwise enhanced by increasing the ZrO2 loading. The covalent S=O band 1378-cm-1 for the SO4 2-/ZrO2 catalyst shifts to 1363 cm-1 for SO4 2-/ZrO2/MCM-41 materials. Under identical ZrO2 loading, SO4 2-/ZrO2/MCM-41 has stronger Brønsted and Lewis acidities than PMSZM/ZrO2 (physical mixture of SO4 2-/ZrO2 and MCM-41). The SO4 2-/ZrO2/MCM-41 catalysts show high activity with a selective conversion of >95 mol% ButOH to MTBE at low temperatures below 160°C, further showing the excellent on-stream stability of these catalysts for this reaction. The rather poor activity of PMSZM/ZrO2 catalysts has been ascribed to their weak acidity. © 2002 Elsevier Science.||Source Title:||Journal of Catalysis||URI:||http://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/91942||ISSN:||00219517||DOI:||10.1006/jcat.2001.3424|
|Appears in Collections:||Staff Publications|
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