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Title: XPS studies of chemically synthesized polypyrrole-halogen charge transfer complexes
Authors: Chan, H.S.O. 
Munro, H.S.
Davies, C.
Kang, E.T. 
Issue Date: Feb-1988
Citation: Chan, H.S.O.,Munro, H.S.,Davies, C.,Kang, E.T. (1988-02). XPS studies of chemically synthesized polypyrrole-halogen charge transfer complexes. Synthetic Metals 22 (4) : 365-370. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Simultaneous polymerization and doping of pyrrole have been carried out in presence of a halogen electron acceptor, iodine (I2) or bromine (Br2), in aqueous dispersion or in acetonitrile at 0 to 4 °C to give PPY-I2 and PPY-Br2 charge transfer complexes. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) has been used to evaluate the degree of oxidation of the polypyrrole nitrogen atoms. The XPS results show that in both cases, not all the halogen dopants are available for oxidation. In the case of PPY-I2, as much as 34% of the total iodine present has undergone ring substitution in the polymer chain. Nitrogen atoms with one positive charge are formed when oxidized by the remaining halogen anions in a 1 to 1 ratio. Comparison between surface and bulk stoichiometries suggests that the dopant is distributed more evenly in PPY-Br2. © 1988.
Source Title: Synthetic Metals
ISSN: 03796779
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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