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|Title:||The protonation-deprotonation hysteresis in polyaniline||Authors:||Kang, E.T.
|Issue Date:||Mar-1996||Citation:||Kang, E.T., Neoh, K.G., Tan, K.L. (1996-03). The protonation-deprotonation hysteresis in polyaniline. Polymer 37 (6) : 925-929. ScholarBank@NUS Repository. https://doi.org/10.1016/0032-3861(96)87274-0||Abstract:||The changes in intrinsic oxidation state ([-N-] and [-NH-] content) and protonation level ([N+]/[N] ratio) of emeraldine (EM) base powders as a function of protonic acid loadings resulting from the protonation-deprotonation cycle have been assessed quantitatively by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. A hysteresis effect was observed for the protonation-deprotonation cycle involving HCl, but not for H2SO4. The hysteresis has been attributed in part to covalent HCl addition to the polymer and the associated reduction in intrinsic oxidation state. A hysteresis effect involving a significant increase in intrinsic oxidation state was observed in the once acid-base cycled EM films cast from N-methylpyrrolidinone, but not for powders. The phenomenon has been attributed to the more efficient hydrolysis of powder samples in aqueous acid media due to the large effective surface area.||Source Title:||Polymer||URI:||http://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/91765||ISSN:||00323861||DOI:||10.1016/0032-3861(96)87274-0|
|Appears in Collections:||Staff Publications|
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