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Title: Nanoparticles of poly(lactide)/vitamin E TPGS copolymer for cancer chemotherapy: Synthesis, formulation, characterization and in vitro drug release
Authors: Zhang, Z. 
Feng, S.-S. 
Keywords: Biodegradable polymers
Cancer nanotechnology
Issue Date: Jan-2006
Citation: Zhang, Z., Feng, S.-S. (2006-01). Nanoparticles of poly(lactide)/vitamin E TPGS copolymer for cancer chemotherapy: Synthesis, formulation, characterization and in vitro drug release. Biomaterials 27 (2) : 262-270. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Paclitaxel is one of the best anticancer drugs, which has excellent therapeutic effects against a wide spectrum of cancers. The formulation of paclitaxel used in its currently clinical administration includes Cremophor EL, which has been found to cause serious side effects. Nanoparticle formulation of paclitaxel may provide an ideal solution for this problem and achieve a sustained chemotherapy. A novel copolymer, poly(lactide)-vitamin E TPGS (PLA-TPGS), was synthesized from lactide and d-α-tocopheryl polyethylene glycol 1000 succinate by bulk polymerization for nanoparticle formulation of anticancer drugs. 1H NMR, FTIR and GPC were used to detect molecular structure of the copolymer. Paclitaxel-loaded PLA-TPGS nanoparticles were fabricated by a modified solvent extraction/evaporation technique with or without emulsifier involved, which were characterized by laser light scattering for size and size distribution; field emission scanning electron microscopy for surface morphology; zeta potential for surface charge; X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy for surface chemistry. The drug encapsulation efficiency and the in vitro drug release kinetics were measured by high-performance liquid chromatography. Formulation optimization was pursued. The particles were found of around 300 nm in size and narrow size distribution. Of all, 89% drug encapsulation efficiency has been achieved for nanoparticles of 5% drug loading. The drug release from PLA-TPGS nanoparticles was found to be biphasic with an initial burst of 17% in the first day, followed by a sustained pattern with 51% release after 31 days. © 2005 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Source Title: Biomaterials
ISSN: 01429612
DOI: 10.1016/j.biomaterials.2005.05.104
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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