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Title: Heparin-coupled poly(poly(ethylene glycol) monomethacrylate)-Si(111) hybrids and their blood compatible surfaces
Authors: Xu, F.J. 
Li, Y.L.
Kang, E.T. 
Neoh, K.G. 
Issue Date: May-2005
Citation: Xu, F.J., Li, Y.L., Kang, E.T., Neoh, K.G. (2005-05). Heparin-coupled poly(poly(ethylene glycol) monomethacrylate)-Si(111) hybrids and their blood compatible surfaces. Biomacromolecules 6 (3) : 1759-1768. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Well-defined (nearly monodispersed) poly(poly(ethylene glycol)monomethacrylate)-Si hybrids were prepared via surface-initiated atom transfer radical polymerization (ATRP) of the poly(ethylene glycol)monomethacry-late (PEGMA) macromonomer on the hydrogen-terminated Si(111) surface (Si-H surface). Both the active chloride groups at the chain ends (from the ATRP process) and the chloride groups converted from some (∼32%) of the -OH groups of the Si-C bonded PEGMA polymer, or P(PEGMA), brushes were used as leaving groups for the covalent coupling of heparin. For the heparinized P(PEGMA)-Si hybrid surfaces, protein adsorption and platelet adhesion were significantly suppressed. The well-defined and dense P(PEGMA) brushes, prepared from surface-initiated ATRP, had allowed the immobilization of a relatively high concentration of heparin (about 14 μg/cm2). The resulting silicon surface exhibited significantly improved antithrombogenecity with a plasma recalcification time (PRT) of about 150 min. The persistence of high bioactivity for the immobilized heparin on the hybrid surfaces can be attributed to the biocompatibility of the PEGMA units, as well as their role as spacers in providing the immobilized heparin with a higher degree of conformational freedom in a more hydrophilic environment. Thus, the heparin-coupled P(PEGMA)-Si hybrids with anti-fouling and antithrombogenic surfaces are potentially useful in silicon-based implantable devices and tissue engineering. © 2005 American Chemical Society.
Source Title: Biomacromolecules
ISSN: 15257797
DOI: 10.1021/bm050071w
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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