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Title: Reductive dissolution of lead dioxide (PbO2) in acidic bromide solution
Authors: Lin, Y.-P. 
Valentine, R.L.
Issue Date: 15-May-2010
Citation: Lin, Y.-P., Valentine, R.L. (2010-05-15). Reductive dissolution of lead dioxide (PbO2) in acidic bromide solution. Environmental Science and Technology 44 (10) : 3895-3900. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Reductive dissolution of lead dioxide (PbO2(s)) has been attributed to a major route leading to elevated lead concentrations in drinking water. However, surface processes involved in this heterogeneous reaction have not been elucidated. In this study, the kinetics and mechanism of reductive dissolution of PbO2(s) in acidic bromide solutions were investigated to reveal the detailed surface reactions. The reduction of PbO2 by bromide can be expressed as PbO2(s) + 2Br- + 4H + → Pb2+ + Br2 + 2H2O. The reaction kinetics was found to be proportional to the concentration of PbO 2(s), and the reaction orders were 1.08 and 1.77 with respect to bromide and proton concentration, respectively. The observed kinetic data can be explained by the following reaction mechanism: adsorption of bromide on the PbO2(s) surface to form a precursor surface complex -Pb IVBr, and two separate one-electron transfers from adsorbed Br - to structural PbIV, followed by the release of Pb 2+ and Br2 into water. The adsorption of bromide ion on the PbO2 surface and the first one-electron transfer reaction were found to be important in regulating the overall rate of the reaction. It is expected that a similar reaction scheme can be applied to other reductive ions. © 2010 American Chemical Society.
Source Title: Environmental Science and Technology
ISSN: 0013936X
DOI: 10.1021/es100133n
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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