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Title: Lightweight steel-concrete-steel sandwich system with J-hook connectors
Authors: Liew, J.Y.R. 
Sohel, K.M.A. 
Keywords: Composite beam
Fibre reinforced concrete
Lightweight concrete
Push-out test
Sandwich beam
Shear connector
Issue Date: May-2009
Citation: Liew, J.Y.R., Sohel, K.M.A. (2009-05). Lightweight steel-concrete-steel sandwich system with J-hook connectors. Engineering Structures 31 (5) : 1166-1178. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: This paper investigates a new concept for designing composite structures comprising a lightweight concrete core sandwiched in between two steel plates which are interconnected by J-hook connectors. Specifically, lightweight concrete (density less than 1450 kg/m3) and novel J-hook connectors have been developed for this purpose. The hook connectors are capable of resisting tension and shear, and their uses are not restricted by the core thickness. Push-out tests confirms that the shear transfer capability of J-hook connector is superior to the conventional headed stud connector in achieving composite action between steel plate and concrete core. Twelve sandwich beam specimens have been tested to evaluate the flexural and shear performance subjected to static point load. Parameters investigated include degree of partial composite, concrete with and without fibres and concrete strength. Using Eurocodes as a basis of design, theoretical model is developed to predict the flexural and shear capacity considering partial composite and enable construction of sandwich structures with J-hook connectors. Compared with test results, the predicted capacity is generally conservative if brittle failure of connectors can be avoided. Test evidence also shows that inclusion of 1% volume fraction of fibres in the concrete core significantly increases the beam flexural capacity as well as its post-peak ductility. © 2009 Elsevier Ltd.
Source Title: Engineering Structures
ISSN: 01410296
DOI: 10.1016/j.engstruct.2009.01.013
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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