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Title: Chiral tunneling modulated by a time-periodic potential on the surface states of a topological insulator
Authors: Li, Y.
Jalil, M.B.A. 
Tan, S.G.
Zhao, W.
Bai, R.
Zhou, G.H.
Issue Date: 9-Apr-2014
Citation: Li, Y., Jalil, M.B.A., Tan, S.G., Zhao, W., Bai, R., Zhou, G.H. (2014-04-09). Chiral tunneling modulated by a time-periodic potential on the surface states of a topological insulator. Scientific Reports 4 : -. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Time-periodic perturbation can be used to modify the transport properties of the surface states of topological insulators, specifically their chiral tunneling property. Using the scattering matrix method, we study the tunneling transmission of the surface states of a topological insulator under the influence of a time-dependent potential and finite gate bias voltage. It is found that perfect transmission is obtained for electrons which are injected normally into the time-periodic potential region in the absence of any bias voltage. However, this signature of Klein tunneling is destroyed when a bias voltage is applied, with the transmission probability of normally incident electrons decreasing with increasing gate bias voltage. Likewise, the overall conductance of the system decreases significantly when a gate bias voltage is applied. The characteristic left-handed helicity of the transmitted spin polarization is also broken by the finite gate bias voltage. In addition, the time-dependent potential modifies the large-angle transmission profile, which exhibits an oscillatory or resonance-like behavior. Finally, time-dependent transport modes (with oscillating potential in the THz frequency) can result in enhanced overall conductance, irrespective of the presence or absence of the gate bias voltage.
Source Title: Scientific Reports
ISSN: 20452322
DOI: 10.1038/srep04624
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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