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Title: An information-theoretic principle implies that any discrete physical theory is classical
Authors: Pfister, C.
Wehner, S. 
Issue Date: 2013
Citation: Pfister, C., Wehner, S. (2013). An information-theoretic principle implies that any discrete physical theory is classical. Nature Communications 4 : -. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: It has been suggested that nature could be discrete in the sense that the underlying state space of a physical system has only a finite number of pure states. Here we present a strong physical argument for the quantum theoretical property that every state space has infinitely many pure states. We propose a simple physical postulate that dictates that the only possible discrete theory is classical theory. More specifically, we postulate that no information gain implies no disturbance or, read in the contrapositive, that disturbance leads to some form of information gain. Furthermore, we show that non-classical discrete theories are still ruled out even if we relax the postulate to hold only approximately in the sense that no information gain only causes a small amount of disturbance. Our postulate also rules out popular generalizations such as the Popescu-Rohrlich-box that allows non-local correlations beyond the limits of quantum theory. © 2013 Macmillan Publishers Limited. All rights reserved.
Source Title: Nature Communications
ISSN: 20411723
DOI: 10.1038/ncomms2821
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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