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Title: Matrix-assisted colloidosome reverse-phase layer-by-layer encapsulating biomolecules in hydrogel microcapsules with extremely high efficiency and retention stability
Authors: Mak, W.C.
Bai, J.
Chang, X.Y.
Trau, D. 
Issue Date: 20-Jan-2009
Citation: Mak, W.C., Bai, J., Chang, X.Y., Trau, D. (2009-01-20). Matrix-assisted colloidosome reverse-phase layer-by-layer encapsulating biomolecules in hydrogel microcapsules with extremely high efficiency and retention stability. Langmuir 25 (2) : 769-775. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: The layer-by-layer (LbL) polyelectrolyte self-assembly encapsulation method has attracted much interest because of its versatility to use various polymers for capsule formation, ability to encapsulate different templates, and capability to control capsule permeability. Traditionally, the LbL method was performed in water as solvent and limited to poorly or non-water-soluble templates. Using the matrix-assisted LbL method, complex mixtures of water-soluble proteins or DNA could be encapsulated within agarose microbeads templates but leakage of biomolecules into the water phase during the LbL process results in low encapsulation efficiency. Recently, the reverse-phase LbL (RP-LbL) method was introduced to perform LbL and encapsulation of water-soluble templates in organic solvents, thus preventing the templates from dissolving and allowing high encapsulation efficiency. However, encapsulation of complex mixtures of biomolecules or other substances with quantitative encapsulation efficiency remained impossible. Here we present a new approach for encapsulation of biomolecules or complex mixtures thereof with almost 100% encapsulation efficiency. The ability of our method to achieve high encapsulation efficiency arises from the combination of two strategies. (1) Using microparticles as surface stabilizer to create stable biomolecule-loaded hydrogel microbeads, termed matrix-assisted colloidosome (MAC), that are able to disperse in oil and organic solvents. (2) Using the RP-LbL method to fabricate polymeric capsule "membranes", thereby preventing diffusion of the highly water-soluble biomolecules. Using an oil phase during emulsification and an organic solvent phase during encapsulation could completely prevent leakage of water-soluble biomolecules and almost 100% encapsulation efficiency is achieved. Microcapsules fabricated with our method retained nearly 100% of encapsulated proteins during a 7 day incubation period in water. The method was demonstrated on model proteins and may be extended to other biomolecules or mixtures. Our method is a valuable addition to the family of encapsulation techniques and can significantly contribute to the fields of bioreactors and bioanalytical microcapsules. © 2009 American Chemical Society.
Source Title: Langmuir
ISSN: 07437463
DOI: 10.1021/la8029962
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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