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Title: Dynamic ductile crack growth and transition to cleavage - A cell model approach
Authors: Xia, L.
Cheng, L. 
Keywords: Cell model
Cleavage fracture
Crack growth
Ductile tearing
Dynamic fracture
Finite element
Transition regime
Issue Date: 2000
Citation: Xia, L.,Cheng, L. (2000). Dynamic ductile crack growth and transition to cleavage - A cell model approach. International Journal of Fracture 102 (2) : 155-175. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: The fracture behavior of ferritic steel in the transition regime is controlled by the competition between ductile tearing and cleavage. Many test specimens that failed by catastrophic cleavage showed significant amounts of ductile tearing prior to cleavage fracture. The transition from ductile tearing to cleavage has been attributed to the increase in constraint and sampling volume associated with ductile crack growth. This work examines the role of dynamic ductile crack growth on the fracture mode transition by way of a cell model of the material. The cell model incorporates the effects of stress triaxiality and strain rate on material failure characteristics of hole growth and coalescence. Loading rate and micro structure effects on the stress fields that evolve with rapid (ductile) crack growth are systematically studied. The stress fields are employed to compute the Weibull stress which provides probability estimates for the susceptibility to cleavage fracture. A center-cracked panel subjected to remote tension is the model problem under study. The computational model uses an elastic-viscoplastic constitutive relation which incorporates enhanced strain rate hardening at high strain rates. Adiabatic heating due to plastic dissipation and the resulting thermal softening are also accounted for. Under dynamically high loading rate, our model shows the crack speed achieves its peak value soon after crack initiation and quickly falls off to slower speeds with further crack growth. Remarkably, the Weibull stress follows a similar pattern which suggests that the transition to the cleavage fracture is most likely to occur, if at all, at the peak speed of ductile crack growth.
Source Title: International Journal of Fracture
ISSN: 03769429
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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