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Title: A compliant end-effector coupling for vertical assembly: Design and evaluation
Authors: Tian-Soon, S.
Ang Jr., A. 
Kah-Bin, L. 
Keywords: Air bearing
End-effector coupling
Force control
Robot compliance
Issue Date: Mar-1997
Citation: Tian-Soon, S.,Ang Jr., A.,Kah-Bin, L. (1997-03). A compliant end-effector coupling for vertical assembly: Design and evaluation. Robotics and Computer-Integrated Manufacturing 13 (1) : 21-30. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Many manipulation tasks require compliance, i.e. the robot's ability to comply with the environment and accomplish force as well as position control. Examples are constrained motion tasks and tasks associated with touch or feel in fine assembly. Few compliance-related tasks have been automated, and usually by active means of active compliance control: the need for passive compliance offered by the manipulator itself has been recognized and has led to the development of compliant end-effectors and/or wrists. In this paper we present a novel passively compliant coupling, the compliant end-effector coupling (CEEC), which aids automated precision assembly. It serves as a mechanical interface between the end of the robot arm and the end-effector. The coupling has 6 degrees of freedom. The design of the coupling is based on a "lock and free" assembly idea. The coupling is locked and behaves like a stiff member during robot motion, and is free (compliant) during constrained motion. It features an air bearing, a variable stiffness air spring and a center-locking mechanism. The end-effector assembly, being centrally unlocked, will float within the designed compliance limits assisted by the air bearing. These frictionless and constraint-free conditions facilitate a fast correction of any initial lateral and angular misalignments. In a peg insertion assembly, such accommodation is possible provided that the tip of the peg is contained within the chamfer of the hole. A variable stiffness air spring was incorporated in the design to allow variable and passive vertical compliance. This vertical compliance allows the accommodation of angular and vertical errors. The center-locking mechanism will return the end-effector assembly to its initial position upon an error correction. In a robot application program, the CEEC can be locked during rapid motion to securely transport a part or be set free during assembly or disassembly processes when the motions are constrained. © 1997 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.
Source Title: Robotics and Computer-Integrated Manufacturing
ISSN: 07365845
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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