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Title: Optic disk and retinal characteristics in myopic children
Authors: Tong, L. 
Saw, S.-M. 
Chua, W.-H.
Luu, C.
Cheng, B.
Yeo, I.
Wong, E.
Tan, D.
Koh, A.
Issue Date: Jul-2004
Citation: Tong, L., Saw, S.-M., Chua, W.-H., Luu, C., Cheng, B., Yeo, I., Wong, E., Tan, D., Koh, A. (2004-07). Optic disk and retinal characteristics in myopic children. American Journal of Ophthalmology 138 (1) : 160-162. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Purpose To examine the baseline retina and optic disk characteristics in children. Design Cross-sectional study. Methods Subjects included 679 subjects with myopia and 100 with emmetropia, aged 8 to 13 years. Digital retina imaging and cycloplegic autorefraction were conducted to look for signs of retinal degeneration. Other outcome measures were vertical and horizontal cup-to-disk (CD) ratios, CD area ratio, parapapillary atrophy (PPA)-to-disk area ratio, and disk rotational angle. Results The prevalence of lattice degeneration was 0.15% (95% confidence interval: 0.008-1.00). No other retinal abnormalities were detected. Increased PPA-to-disk area ratio was associated with increased axial length, increased myopia severity, and increasing age. Cup-to-disk ratios were smaller in subjects with myopia compared with those with emmetropia, but this did not correlate with severity of myopia. In subjects with severe myopia, the upper pole of the disk was rotated away from the fovea but to lesser extent than in those with emmetropia or milder myopia. Conclusions Apart from PPA, degenerative features were not commonly found in this study. © 2004 by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Source Title: American Journal of Ophthalmology
ISSN: 00029394
DOI: 10.1016/j.ajo.2004.02.026
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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