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Title: Altered depth perception is associated with presence of schizotypal personality traits
Authors: Barbato, M.
Collinson, S.L. 
Casagrande, M.
Keywords: Binocular disparity
Depth perception
Schizotypal personality traits
Issue Date: 1-Mar-2012
Citation: Barbato, M., Collinson, S.L., Casagrande, M. (2012-03-01). Altered depth perception is associated with presence of schizotypal personality traits. Cognitive Neuropsychiatry 17 (2) : 115-132. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Introduction. Impaired depth perception, a fundamental aspect of early visual processing, has been shown in patients with schizophrenia suggesting a disturbance to magnocellular and possibly parvocellular pathways. Despite some evidence showing visual-perceptive deficits in people with schizotypal personality traits (SPT), depth perception has not been evaluated in these subjects. Methods. 12 clinically healthy schizotypy and 17 control participants were examined using a novel stereoscopic depth perception task. A mixed ANOVA design considered the Group (SPT/control) as independent factor, and trial Block (BD/BD + /BD-) and target Condition (SDSS/SDDS/DDSS/DDDS) were considered as repeated measures. Results. Schizotypal participants were not significantly different to controls on simple judgements of depth but demonstrated a subtle impairment in perceiving binocular depth when performing high difficulty judgements. Conclusions. The presence of subtle depth perception problems in schizotypal subjects, similar but less marked than those of schizophrenia patients, may suggest a less pervasive disturbance of early information processing. If so, such deficits could be considered as innate neurological changes that may occur in people vulnerable for schizophrenia, thus with the potential to be a novel intermediate phenotype. © 2012 Psychology Press Ltd.
Source Title: Cognitive Neuropsychiatry
ISSN: 13546805
DOI: 10.1080/13546805.2011.576864
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