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Title: Lesion progression in post-treatment persistent endodontic lesions
Authors: Yu, V.S.H. 
Messer, H.H.
Shen, L.
Yee, R. 
Hsu, C.-Y.S. 
Keywords: Decision-making
lesion change
lesion progression
persistent lesion
root-filled teeth
Issue Date: 2012
Citation: Yu, V.S.H., Messer, H.H., Shen, L., Yee, R., Hsu, C.-Y.S. (2012). Lesion progression in post-treatment persistent endodontic lesions. Journal of Endodontics 38 (10) : 1316-1321. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Introduction: Radiographic lesions related to root-filled teeth may persist for long periods after treatment and are considered to indicate failure of initial treatment. Persistent lesions are found in a proportion of cases, but information on lesion progression is lacking. This study examined the incidence of lesion improvement, remaining unchanged, and deterioration among persistent lesions in a group of patients recruited from a university-based clinic and identified potential predictors for lesion progression. Methods: Patients of a university clinic with persistent endodontic lesions at least 4 years since treatment and with original treatment radiographs available were recruited with informed consent. Data were obtained by interview and from dental records and clinical and radiographic examinations. Univariate and multivariate statistical analyses were carried out by using SPSS (version 19). Results: One hundred fifty-one persistent lesions were identified in 114 patients. A majority of the lesions (107, 70.9%) received treatment between 4 and 5 years prior. Eighty-six lesions (57.0%) improved, 18 (11.9%) remained unchanged, and 47 (31.1%) deteriorated since treatment. Potential predictors for lesions that did not improve included recall lesion size, pain on biting at recall examination, history of a postobturation flare-up, and a non-ideal root-filling length (P <.05). Lesions that had persisted for a longer period appeared less likely to be improving (relative risk, 1.038; 95% confidence interval, 1.000-1.077). Conclusions: A specific time interval alone should not be used to conclude that a lesion will not resolve without intervention. This study identified several clinical factors that are associated with deteriorating persistent lesions, which should aid in identifying lesions that require further intervention. Copyright © 2012 American Association of Endodontists.
Source Title: Journal of Endodontics
ISSN: 00992399
DOI: 10.1016/j.joen.2012.06.040
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