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Title: All in the timing: A comparison between the cardioprotection induced by H2S preconditioning and post-infarction treatment
Authors: Pan, T.-T.
Chen, Y.Q.
Bian, J.-S. 
Keywords: Cardioprotection
H2S preconditioning
Hydrogen sulfide
Myocardial infarction
Issue Date: 2009
Citation: Pan, T.-T., Chen, Y.Q., Bian, J.-S. (2009). All in the timing: A comparison between the cardioprotection induced by H2S preconditioning and post-infarction treatment. European Journal of Pharmacology 616 (1-3) : 160-165. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: In the current study, we investigated the delayed cardioprotection induced by H2S preconditioning in an in vivo rat model of myocardial infarction. Assessment of infarct size revealed that a single bolus of NaHS (a donor of H2S, at 0.1-10 μmol/kg body weight) administered 1 day before myocardial infarction produced a strong infarct-limiting effect. A time course study demonstrated that the protection lasted at least 3 days after the preconditioning stimulus. We further compared the effect of H2S preconditioning with post-infarction treatment. Although injection of NaHS (1 μmol/kg once daily) for 3 days after myocardial infarction also significantly decreased infarct size, the protective effect was significantly lower than that afforded by H2S preconditioning. A combination of both preconditioning and post-treatment did not produce a stronger protection compared with H2S preconditioning alone. Pretreatment with chelerythrine chloride (5 mg/kg, i.p.), a protein kinase C (PKC) inhibitor, 15 min before NaHS administration blocked the infarct-sparing effect of H2S preconditioning. In conclusion, the current study provided the first evidence that H2S preconditioning produces strong late cardioprotection through a PKC-dependent mechanism. Such protection could not be reproduced by H2S treatment after the infarction occurred. A combination of both preconditioning and post-treatment does not provide additional benefit and hence is not necessary when the access to preconditioning has been secured. © 2009 Elsevier B.V.
Source Title: European Journal of Pharmacology
ISSN: 00142999
DOI: 10.1016/j.ejphar.2009.05.023
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