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Title: Development of poly (lactic-co-glycolic acid)-collagen scaffolds for tissue engineering
Authors: Wen, F. 
Teoh, S.H. 
Chang, S. 
Yu, H. 
Toh, Y.C.
Keywords: Hepatocytes
Poly (lactic-co glycolic acid)(PLGA)
X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS)
Issue Date: 2007
Citation: Wen, F., Teoh, S.H., Chang, S., Yu, H., Toh, Y.C. (2007). Development of poly (lactic-co-glycolic acid)-collagen scaffolds for tissue engineering. Materials Science and Engineering C 27 (2) : 285-292. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Collagen as an important extra-cellular matrix (ECM) in many tissues is weakly antigenic and the structure of collagen sponges is highly porous with interconnected pores effective for cell infiltration and mass transfer of oxygen and nutrients. Its application as a scaffold is limited by poor mechanical strength and rapid biodegradation. In this paper, we attempt to graft hydrolyzed PLGA fiber surfaces with collagen by N-(3-dimethylaminopropyl)-N′-ethylcarbodiimide (EDC) in combination with N-hydroxysuccinimide (NHS), and then embed these collagen-grafted PLGA fibers in collagen sponge to form a hybrid PLGA-collagen scaffold. For further stability, we cross-linked the collagen in the scaffold and used it in rat liver cell cultivation. The scaffold was characterized by mechanical micro-tester, scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). Results showed that (1) the scaffolds exhibited isotropic and interconnected porous structure; (2) the compression modulus of this scaffold was enhanced 50 fold compared to the collagen scaffolds. The cell attachment and cytotoxicity of this scaffold were studied. Cell attachment was improved remarkably and the cytotoxicity of the hybrid PLGA-collagen scaffold was lower than that of the un-grafted PLGA-collagen scaffolds using alamarBlue™ assay normalized to the DNA content in each scaffold. This new hybrid scaffold has potential applications for tissue engineering. © 2006 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Source Title: Materials Science and Engineering C
ISSN: 09284931
DOI: 10.1016/j.msec.2006.05.007
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