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Title: Effect of ice slurry ingestion on thermoregulatory responses during fixed-intensity cycling in humid and dry heat
Authors: Choo, HC 
Choo, DHW
Tan, I
Chang, J
Chow, KM
Lee, JKW 
Burns, SF
Ihsan, M
Keywords: Body temperature
Exercise capacity
Exercise hyperthermia
Heat storage
Pre-cooling; per-cooling
Sweat rate
Thermal sensation
Issue Date: 1-Jan-2023
Publisher: Springer Science and Business Media LLC
Citation: Choo, HC, Choo, DHW, Tan, I, Chang, J, Chow, KM, Lee, JKW, Burns, SF, Ihsan, M (2023-01-01). Effect of ice slurry ingestion on thermoregulatory responses during fixed-intensity cycling in humid and dry heat. European Journal of Applied Physiology. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Purpose: This study examined the thermoregulatory response and ergogenic effects of ice slurry (ICE) ingestion in hot environments with high and low relative humidity (RH). Methods: Eight males completed four trials in a crossover manner in dry (DRY: 34.7 ± 0.2 °C, 38 ± 2%RH) and humid heat (HUM: 34.8 °C ± 0.2 °C, 80 ± 1%RH). They ingested 8.0 g·kg−1 of ICE (0.0 °C) or 37.5 °C water (CON) during 30 min before exercise, and three aliquots (3.2 g·kg−1) of ICE or CON during 45-min cycling at 50% V ˙ O2peak, followed by cycling to exhaustion at 80% V ˙ O2peak (TTE). Body core temperature (Tcore), mean skin temperature (Tsk), heart rate (HR), thermal comfort, thermal sensation and rating of perceived exertion (RPE) were measured. Results: Relative to CON, ICE improved TTE by 76.5 ± 96.5% in HUM and 21.3 ± 44.9% in DRY (p = 0.044). End-exercise Tcore was lower in ICE versus CON in DRY (37.8 ± 0.4 °C versus 38.1 ± 0.3 °C, p = 0.005) and HUM (38.8 ± 0.4 °C versus 39.3 ± 0.6 °C, p = 0.004). ICE decreased HR, heat storage and heat strain index only in DRY (p < 0.001–0.018). ICE improved thermal sensation and comfort in DRY and HUM (p < 0.001–0.011), attenuated RPE in HUM (p = 0.012) but not in DRY (p = 0.065). Conclusion: ICE tended to benefit performance in humid heat more than in dry heat. This is likely due to the reduced extent of hyperthermia in dry heat and the relative importance of sensory inputs in mediating exercise capacity.
Source Title: European Journal of Applied Physiology
ISSN: 1439-6319
DOI: 10.1007/s00421-023-05235-y
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