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Title: RENEB Inter-Laboratory Comparison 2021: The Dicentric Chromosome Assay
Authors: D Endesfelder
U Oestreicher
M Bucher
C Beinke
C Siebenwirth
E Ainsbury
J Moquet
G Gruel
E Gregoire
J S Martinez
A Vral
A Baeyens
M Valente
A Montoro
G Terzoudi
S Triantopoulou
A Pantelias
O Monteiro Gil
M J Prieto
M M Domene
D Zafiropoulos
J F Barquinero
M Pujol-Canadell
K Lumniczky
R Hargitai
E Kis
A Testa
C Patrono
S Sommer
R Hristova
N Kostova
M Atanasova
O Sevriukova
I Domínguez
N Pastor
I Güçlü
J Pajic
L Sabatier
P Brochard
A Tichy
M Milanova
F Finot
C Cuceu Petrenci
R C Wilkins
L A Beaton-Green
K M Seong
Y Lee
Y H Lee
A S Balajee
N Maznyk
T Sypko
N D Pham
T M Tran
T Miura
Y Suto
M Akiyamam
N Tsuyama
Y Abe
Valerie Swee Ting Goh 
En Lin Christelle Chua 
M Abend
M Port
Issue Date: 1-Jun-2023
Publisher: Radiation Research Society
Citation: D Endesfelder, U Oestreicher, M Bucher, C Beinke, C Siebenwirth, E Ainsbury, J Moquet, G Gruel, E Gregoire, J S Martinez, A Vral, A Baeyens, M Valente, A Montoro, G Terzoudi, S Triantopoulou, A Pantelias, O Monteiro Gil, M J Prieto, M M Domene, D Zafiropoulos, J F Barquinero, M Pujol-Canadell, K Lumniczky, R Hargitai, E Kis, A Testa, C Patrono, S Sommer, R Hristova, N Kostova, M Atanasova, O Sevriukova, I Domínguez, N Pastor, I Güçlü, J Pajic, L Sabatier, P Brochard, A Tichy, M Milanova, F Finot, C Cuceu Petrenci, R C Wilkins, L A Beaton-Green, K M Seong, Y Lee, Y H Lee, A S Balajee, N Maznyk, T Sypko, N D Pham, T M Tran, T Miura, Y Suto, M Akiyamam, N Tsuyama, Y Abe, Valerie Swee Ting Goh, En Lin Christelle Chua, M Abend, M Port (2023-06-01). RENEB Inter-Laboratory Comparison 2021: The Dicentric Chromosome Assay. Radiation Research 199 (6) : 556–570. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: After large-scale radiation accidents where many individuals are suspected to be exposed to ionizing radiation, biological and physical retrospective dosimetry assays are important tools to aid clinical decision making by categorizing individuals into unexposed/minimally, moderately or highly exposed groups. Quality-controlled inter-laboratory comparisons of simulated accident scenarios are regularly performed in the frame of the European legal association RENEB (Running the European Network of Biological and Physical retrospective Dosimetry) to optimize international networking and emergency readiness in case of large-scale radiation events. In total 33 laboratories from 22 countries around the world participated in the current RENEB inter-laboratory comparison 2021 for the dicentric chromosome assay. Blood was irradiated in vitro with X rays (240 kVp, 13 mA, ∼75 keV, 1 Gy/min) to simulate an acute, homogeneous whole-body exposure. Three blood samples (no. 1: 0 Gy, no. 2: 1.2 Gy, no. 3: 3.5 Gy) were sent to each participant and the task was to culture samples, to prepare slides and to assess radiation doses based on the observed dicentric yields from 50 manually or 150 semi-automatically scored metaphases (triage mode scoring). Approximately two-thirds of the participants applied calibration curves from irradiations with γ rays and about 1/3 from irradiations with X rays with varying energies. The categorization of the samples in clinically relevant groups corresponding to individuals that were unexposed/minimally (0-1 Gy), moderately (1-2 Gy) or highly exposed (>2 Gy) was successfully performed by all participants for sample no. 1 and no. 3 and by ≥74% for sample no. 2. However, while most participants estimated a dose of exactly 0 Gy for the sham-irradiated sample, the precise dose estimates of the samples irradiated with doses >0 Gy were systematically higher than the corresponding reference doses and showed a median deviation of 0.5 Gy (sample no. 2) and 0.95 Gy (sample no. 3) for manual scoring. By converting doses estimated based on γ-ray calibration curves to X-ray doses of a comparable mean photon energy as used in this exercise, the median deviation decreased to 0.27 Gy (sample no. 2) and 0.6 Gy (sample no. 3). The main aim of biological dosimetry in the case of a large-scale event is the categorization of individuals into clinically relevant groups, to aid clinical decision making. This task was successfully performed by all participants for the 0 Gy and 3.5 Gy samples and by 74% (manual scoring) and 80% (semiautomatic scoring) for the 1.2 Gy sample. Due to the accuracy of the dicentric chromosome assay and the high number of participating laboratories, a systematic shift of the dose estimates could be revealed. Differences in radiation quality (X ray vs. γ ray) between the test samples and the applied dose effect curves can partly explain the systematic shift. There might be several additional reasons for the observed bias (e.g., donor effects, transport, experimental conditions or the irradiation setup) and the analysis of these reasons provides great opportunities for future research. The participation of laboratories from countries around the world gave the opportunity to compare the results on an international level.
Source Title: Radiation Research
ISSN: 1938-5404
DOI: 10.1667/RADE-22-00202.1
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