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Title: alpha v beta 1 integrin is enriched in extracellular vesicles of metastatic breast cancer cells: A mechanism mediated by galectin-3
Authors: Zhang, Daniel Xin
Dang, Xuan TT
Vu, Luyen Tien 
Lim, Claudine Ming Hui
Yeo, Eric Yew Meng 
Lam, Brenda Wan Shing 
Leong, Sai Mun 
Omar, Noorjehan
Putti, Thomas Choudary 
Yeh, Yu Chen
Ma, Victor
Luo, Jia-Yuan
Cho, William C
Chen, Gang
Lee, Victor Kwan Min 
Grimson, Andrew
Le, Minh TN 
Keywords: Science & Technology
Life Sciences & Biomedicine
Cell Biology
Issue Date: 1-Aug-2022
Publisher: WILEY
Citation: Zhang, Daniel Xin, Dang, Xuan TT, Vu, Luyen Tien, Lim, Claudine Ming Hui, Yeo, Eric Yew Meng, Lam, Brenda Wan Shing, Leong, Sai Mun, Omar, Noorjehan, Putti, Thomas Choudary, Yeh, Yu Chen, Ma, Victor, Luo, Jia-Yuan, Cho, William C, Chen, Gang, Lee, Victor Kwan Min, Grimson, Andrew, Le, Minh TN (2022-08-01). alpha v beta 1 integrin is enriched in extracellular vesicles of metastatic breast cancer cells: A mechanism mediated by galectin-3. JOURNAL OF EXTRACELLULAR VESICLES 11 (8). ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Breast cancer cells release a large quantity of biocargo-bearing extracellular vesicles (EVs), which mediate intercellular communication within the tumour microenvironment and promote metastasis. To identify EV-bound proteins related to metastasis, we used mass spectrometry to profile EVs from highly and poorly metastatic breast cancer lines of human and mouse origins. Comparative mass spectrometry indicated that integrins, including αv and β1 subunits, are preferentially enriched in EVs of highly metastatic origin over those of poorly metastatic origin. These results are consistent with our histopathological findings, which show that integrin αv is associated with disease progression in breast cancer patients. Integrin αv colocalizes with the multivesicular-body marker CD63 at a higher frequency in the tumour and is enriched in circulating EVs of breast cancer patients at late stages when compared with circulating EVs from early-stage patients. With a magnetic bead-based flow cytometry assay, we confirmed that integrins αv and β1 are enriched in the CD63+ subsets of EVs from both human and mouse highly metastatic cells. By analysing the level of integrin αv on circulating EVs, this assay could predict the metastatic potential of a xenografted mouse model. To explore the export mechanism of integrins into EVs, we performed immunoprecipitation mass spectrometry and identified members of the galectin family as potential shuttlers of integrin αvβ1 into EVs. In particular, knockdown of galectin-3, but not galectin-1, causes a reduction in the levels of cell surface integrins β1 and αv, and decreases the colocalization of these integrins with CD63. Importantly, knockdown of galectin-3 leads to a decrease of integrin αvβ1 export into the EVs concomitant with a decrease in the metastatic potential of breast cancer cells. Moreover, inhibition of the integrin αvβ1 complex leads to a reduction in the binding of EVs to fibronectin, suggesting that integrin αvβ1 is important for EV retention in the extracellular matrix. EVs retained in the extracellular matrix are taken up by fibroblasts, which differentiate into cancer associated fibroblasts. In summary, our data indicate an important link between EV-bound integrin αvβ1 with breast cancer metastasis and provide additional insights into the export of integrin αvβ1 into EVs in the context of metastasis.
ISSN: 2001-3078
DOI: 10.1002/jev2.12234
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