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Title: Dietary Supplement Intake and Fecundability in a Singapore Preconception Cohort Study
Authors: Ku C.W. 
Ku C.O.
Tay L.P.C.
Xing H.K.
Cheung Y.B. 
Godfrey K.M.
Colega M.T. 
Teo C.
Tan K.M.L.
Chong Y.-S. 
Shek L.P.-C. 
Tan K.H. 
Chan S.-Y. 
Lim S.X. 
Chong M.F.-F. 
Yap F. 
Chan J.K.Y. 
Loy S.L. 
Keywords: evening primrose oil
folic acid
time to pregnancy
Issue Date: 1-Dec-2022
Publisher: MDPI
Citation: Ku C.W., Ku C.O., Tay L.P.C., Xing H.K., Cheung Y.B., Godfrey K.M., Colega M.T., Teo C., Tan K.M.L., Chong Y.-S., Shek L.P.-C., Tan K.H., Chan S.-Y., Lim S.X., Chong M.F.-F., Yap F., Chan J.K.Y., Loy S.L. (2022-12-01). Dietary Supplement Intake and Fecundability in a Singapore Preconception Cohort Study. Nutrients 14 (23) : 5110. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Subfertility is a global problem affecting millions worldwide, with declining total fertility rates. Preconception dietary supplementation may improve fecundability, but the magnitude of impact remains unclear. This prospective cohort study aimed to examine the association of preconception micronutrient supplements with fecundability, measured by time to pregnancy (TTP). The study was conducted at KK Women’s and Children’s Hospital, Singapore, between February 2015 and October 2017, on 908 women aged 18-45 years old, who were trying to conceive and were enrolled in the Singapore PREconception Study of long-Term maternal and child Outcomes (S-PRESTO). Baseline sociodemographic characteristics and supplement intake were collected through face-to-face interviews. The fecundability ratio (FR) was estimated using discrete-time proportional hazard modelling. Adjusting for potentially confounding variables, folic acid (FA) (FR 1.26, 95% confidence interval 1.03–1.56) and iodine (1.28, 1.00–1.65) supplement users had higher fecundability compared to non-users. Conversely, evening primrose oil supplement users had lower fecundability (0.56, 0.31–0.99) than non-users. In this study, preconception FA and iodine supplementation were associated with shortened TTP, while evening primrose oil use was associated with longer TTP. Nonetheless, the association between supplement use and the magnitude of fecundability changes will need to be further confirmed with well-designed randomised controlled trials. © 2022 by the authors.
Source Title: Nutrients
ISSN: 2072-6643
DOI: 10.3390/nu14235110
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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