Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/234957
Title: The synergy in cytokine production through MyD88-TRIF pathways is co-ordinated with ERK phosphorylation in macrophages
Authors: Tan, Rebecca Suet Ting
Lin, Bin
Liu, Qian 
Tucker-Kellogg, Lisa 
Ho, Bow 
Leung, Bernard PL 
Ding, Jeak Ling 
Keywords: Science & Technology
Life Sciences & Biomedicine
Cell Biology
Immunology
macrophage
pathogen recognition
signaling crosstalk
Toll-like receptor
PROTEIN-TYROSINE-PHOSPHATASE
DENDRITIC CELLS
INFLAMMATORY RESPONSE
GENE-EXPRESSION
IL-12 RELEASE
RECEPTOR
KINASE
REINFECTION
ACTIVATION
PROTECTION
Issue Date: 1-May-2013
Publisher: NATURE PUBLISHING GROUP
Citation: Tan, Rebecca Suet Ting, Lin, Bin, Liu, Qian, Tucker-Kellogg, Lisa, Ho, Bow, Leung, Bernard PL, Ding, Jeak Ling (2013-05-01). The synergy in cytokine production through MyD88-TRIF pathways is co-ordinated with ERK phosphorylation in macrophages. IMMUNOLOGY AND CELL BIOLOGY 91 (5) : 377-387. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Although specific single Toll-like receptor (TLR) ligands are known to drive the development of Th1 or Th2 immunity, the outcome of different combinations of TLR ligands on innate immunity is not well defined. Spatiotemporal dynamics are critical in determining the specificity of the immune response, but the mechanisms underlying combinatorial TLR stimulation remain unclear. Here, we tested pairwise combinations of TLR ligands separated by different time intervals for their effect on cytokine production in macrophages. We observed that stimulation via a combination of MyD88- and TRIF-utilizing adaptors leads to a highly synergistic cytokine response. On a timescale of 4-24 h, macrophages pretreated with poly(I:C) (TLR3 ligand) are cross-primed to a second stimulation with R848 (TLR7 ligand) and vice versa, and each condition exhibits different optimal time windows of synergistic response for each cytokine. We show that the synergy resulting from combinatorial stimuli (poly(I:C) and R848 is also regulated by the order and dosage of the TLR agonists. Secondary response genes, which depend on new protein synthesis for transcription, show greater synergy than primary response genes, and such enhancement is abolished when new protein synthesis is inhibited. Synergistic cytokine production appears concordant with sustained ERK phosphorylation, suggesting that the de novo factors act via inhibition of ERK dephosphorylation, for example, by the downregulation of dual specificity phosphatase 6. Taken together, our findings illustrate a checkpoint in the innate immune system, where the synchronization of timing of both MyD88 and TRIF pathways is required for a maximal cytokine response and potential memory effect in macrophages. © 2013 Australasian Society for Immunology Inc. All rights reserved.
Source Title: IMMUNOLOGY AND CELL BIOLOGY
URI: https://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/234957
ISSN: 0818-9641
1440-1711
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