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Title: Gastrointestinal Tract Stabilized Protein Delivery Using Disulfide Thermostable Exoshell System
Authors: Sadeghi, S
Vallerinteavide Mavelli, G 
Vaidya, SS 
Drum, CL 
Keywords: DS-tES
thermostable exoshells
Caco-2 Cells
Gastrointestinal Tract
Horseradish Peroxidase
Issue Date: 1-Sep-2022
Publisher: MDPI AG
Citation: Sadeghi, S, Vallerinteavide Mavelli, G, Vaidya, SS, Drum, CL (2022-09-01). Gastrointestinal Tract Stabilized Protein Delivery Using Disulfide Thermostable Exoshell System. International Journal of Molecular Sciences 23 (17) : 9856-. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Thermostable exoshells (tES) are engineered proteinaceous nanoparticles used for the rapid encapsulation of therapeutic proteins/enzymes, whereby the nanoplatform protects the payload from proteases and other denaturants. Given the significance of oral delivery as the preferred model for drug administration, we structurally improved the stability of tES through multiple inter-subunit disulfide linkages that were initially absent in the parent molecule. The disulfide-linked tES, as compared to tES, significantly stabilized the activity of encapsulated horseradish peroxidase (HRP) at acidic pH and against the primary human digestive enzymes, pepsin, and trypsin. Furthermore, the disulfide-linked tES (DS-tES) exhibited significant intestinal permeability as evaluated using Caco2 cells. In vivo bioluminescence assay showed that encapsulated Renilla luciferase (rluc) was ~3 times more stable in mice compared to the free enzyme. DS-tES collected mice feces had ~100 times more active enzyme in comparison to the control (free enzyme) after 24 h of oral administration, demonstrating strong intestinal stability. Taken together, the in vitro and in vivo results demonstrate the potential of DS-tES for intraluminal and systemic oral drug delivery applications.
Source Title: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
ISSN: 16616596
DOI: 10.3390/ijms23179856
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