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Title: A Micropatterned Human-Specific Neuroepithelial Tissue for Modeling Gene and Drug-Induced Neurodevelopmental Defects
Authors: Sahni, Geetika 
Chang, Shu-Yung 
Meng, Jeremy Teo Choon
Tan, Jerome Zu Yao
Fatien, Jean Jacques Clement
Bonnard, Carine
Utami, Kagistia Hana
Chan, Puck Wee
Tan, Thong Teck
Altunoglu, Umut
Kayserili, Hulya
Pouladi, Mahmoud 
Reversade, Bruno 
Toh, Yi-Chin 
Keywords: human pluripotent stem cells
neurodevelopmental defects
Issue Date: 6-Jan-2021
Publisher: John Wiley and Sons Inc
Citation: Sahni, Geetika, Chang, Shu-Yung, Meng, Jeremy Teo Choon, Tan, Jerome Zu Yao, Fatien, Jean Jacques Clement, Bonnard, Carine, Utami, Kagistia Hana, Chan, Puck Wee, Tan, Thong Teck, Altunoglu, Umut, Kayserili, Hulya, Pouladi, Mahmoud, Reversade, Bruno, Toh, Yi-Chin (2021-01-06). A Micropatterned Human-Specific Neuroepithelial Tissue for Modeling Gene and Drug-Induced Neurodevelopmental Defects. Advanced Science 8 (5) : 2001100. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Rights: Attribution 4.0 International
Abstract: The generation of structurally standardized human pluripotent stem cell (hPSC)-derived neural embryonic tissues has the potential to model genetic and environmental mediators of early neurodevelopmental defects. Current neural patterning systems have so far focused on directing cell fate specification spatio-temporally but not morphogenetic processes. Here, the formation of a structurally reproducible and highly-organized neuroepithelium (NE) tissue is directed from hPSCs, which recapitulates morphogenetic cellular processes relevant to early neurulation. These include having a continuous, polarized epithelium and a distinct invagination-like folding, where primitive ectodermal cells undergo E-to-N-cadherin switching and apical constriction as they acquire a NE fate. This is accomplished by spatio-temporal patterning of the mesoendoderm, which guides the development and self-organization of the adjacent primitive ectoderm into the NE. It is uncovered that TGF? signaling emanating from endodermal cells support tissue folding of the prospective NE. Evaluation of NE tissue structural dysmorphia, which is uniquely achievable in the model, enables the detection of apical constriction and cell adhesion dysfunctions in patient-derived hPSCs as well as differentiating between different classes of neural tube defect-inducing drugs. © 2021 The Authors. Advanced Science published by Wiley-VCH GmbH
Source Title: Advanced Science
ISSN: 2198-3844
DOI: 10.1002/advs.202001100
Rights: Attribution 4.0 International
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